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PSYC2240_Psychology_Chapter_8_Review - Psychology chp.8...

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Psychology chp.8 notes trait approach - uses a basic, limited set of adjectives or adjective dimensions to describe and scale individuals for a trait approach to succeed, it should use a relatively small number of traits to account for a person's consistencies people differ in terms of motivations and abilities 2 characterized indivuduals using traits first systematic appoach to analyzing traits arose in ancient Greece Hippocrates- described human temperament in terms of the so called body humors sanguine, malancholic, choleric, and phlegmatic the dominance of a humor determined typical reaction patterns character descriptions began in Greece as well Theophrastus Jungs Extroversion and Introversion: helped launch trait approaches extroversionL orientation toward things outside oneself introversion: refers to tendence to turn inward and explore ones feelings and experiences a person could have tendencies towards both but one would be dominant Myers-Briggs Type Indicator: A widely used instrument that attempts to measure introversion and extroversion and several other subclassifications as by Carl Jung Sensation- Intuition Scale : Subclassification of the Myer's Biggs Type Indicator that reflects whether a person is more prone to realism or imagination Thinking-Feeling Scale: subclassification of the myer's briggs type indicator that reflects whether a person is logical and objective or personal and subjective judgement-preception scale subclassificiation of the myers'briggs type indicator that reflects whether a person is oriented toward evaluating or perceiving things Big five are more clear and more helpful R.B. Cattell and the use of statistics: simply and objectify the structure of personality lexical (language-based) approach Cattell factor analyzed adj factor analysis is a statistical technique factor analysis summarizes correlation coefficients variables general factor of intellegence - g-spearman Q-data- gathered from self reports and questionarres (questionaire data) T-data - data collected by placing a person into some controlled test situation and noting or rating responses (observational test data) L-data - information gethered aboue one;s life either from school records or other means (life data)
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good information yields good results thus no garbage in, garbage out. go from theory to application back to theory studies traits in various circumstances cattell argued that there were sixteen personality factors. Allport argued that although behavior is variable, there is also a constant portion for each person invariant aspect of behavior accompanies the changing parts constant portion is captured by traits trait - acc. to allport, a generalized neuropsychic structure or core tendency that underlies behavior across time and situations traits assume that personality is very much rooted within a person explored the idea of prejudice highly disagreed with Skinner
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PSYC2240_Psychology_Chapter_8_Review - Psychology chp.8...

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