PSYC2240_Psychology_Review

PSYC2240_Psychology_Review - Psychology Review: E...

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Psychology Review: Existentialism: What is the nature of existence? How does it feel? What does it mean? - Soren Kierkegaard - Friedrich Nietzsche - Martin Heidegger - Ludwig Binswanger - Medard Boss - Jean-Paul Sarte KNHBBS Kangaroos never have broken bones silly Ludwig Binswanger: -Three components of the conscious experience being alive 1. Unwelt Biological experience ---pleasure, pain, heat, cold, and other bodily sensations 2. Miltwelt - What you think and feel as a social being . This includes emotions and thoughts about others and yourself 3. Eigenwelt – the experience of experience . How you think and feel when trying to understand your own mind and existence. a. Includes introspection b. Try and observe and describe your own mind the next time you feel love or fear. This is eigenwelt. Heidegger: - Thrown-ness “ Geworfenheit ”: Time, place, and circumstances into which you happened to be born - Problems with modern society. Largely it does not provide the answers to two big questions o Why are you here? o What should you be doing? - We must come up with our own answers o If we can’t we get angst Sartre:
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Existential Anxiety “Angst ”: feeling that you are not spending your life the right way. The feeling that you are wasting it. - anguish : basically this comes from making choices that require trade offs and sacrifice. No choice is perfect - forlornness : we are alone in our choices. No one can choose for us. We are all in a state of existential solitude. - Despair : comes from an acceptance of an inability to change crucial aspects of the world - Optimistic Toughness -Avoidance and bad faith -Cowerdice -You may as well be a rock -Happiness -You cant avoid choices -Authentic existence -Existential dignity Humanistic Approach: Free Will and Making your own free will - The idea that people don’t have to be the way that they are - Existential philosophy - Carl Rogers - Abraham Maslow What is Humanistic Psychology About? - Personality Responsibility o Making choices o We always have choices o Cost of choices is not deterministic - The Here and Now o Don’t worry about what you can’t change o Don’t spend your time planning for the future at the expense of the present o The future need not be dictated by the past - The phenomenology of the individual o People know themselves better than anyone else o Therapy should be about helping people know themselves and solve problems on their own
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- Personal Growth o The nature of personal satisfaction o Self-actualization o When it becomes blocked the therapist helps the client to overcome obstacles, however it is the client that must do the actual overcoming. Carl R. Rogers - 1902 – 1987 - Grew up in emotionally closed environment - Contended with both the psychoanalytic view and the behaviorist view - Won APA’s first annual award for distinguished scientific contribution - In later years he was devoted to issues of social conflict and peace preservation. -
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This note was uploaded on 09/09/2011 for the course PSYC 2240 taught by Professor Mattheson during the Spring '10 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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PSYC2240_Psychology_Review - Psychology Review: E...

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