BIO1130_lct09_10x3

BIO1130_lct09_10x3 - Carboniferous and Permian periods...

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Unformatted text preview: Carboniferous and Permian periods Carboniferous and Permian BIO1130 Organismal Biology Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 1 6:49 PM BIO1130 Organismal Biology Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 2 6:49 PM this shit gunna b impt. BIO1130 Organismal Biology Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 3 6:49 PM BIO1130 Organismal Biology Page 1 Carboniferous and Permian periods BIO1130 Organismal Biology Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 4 6:49 PM Carboniferous aquatic environment BIO1130 Organismal Biology Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 5 6:49 PM Carboniferous terrestrial environment BIO1130 Organismal Biology Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 6 6:49 PM BIO1130 Organismal Biology Page 2 Angiosperms Gymnosperms Pterophytes Mosses Lycophytes Hornworts Liverworts Green algae Carboniferous and Permian periods Phylogeny of plants Figure 25.10 Carboniferous forests Carboniferous coal forests Club mosses Giant horse tails Tree ferns BIO1130 Organismal Biology Page 3 Carboniferous and Permian periods Evolution of plant vascular tissues Pits Tracheids Perforated end wall Vessel elements Figure 28.9 BIO1130 Organismal Biology 10 Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 6:49 PM Spores vs. seeds BIO1130 Organismal Biology Figure 30-19 30- 11 Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 6:49 PM Seeds Embryo (sporophyte) Nutritive tissue Protective seed coat Figure 25.25 BIO1130 Organismal Biology Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 12 6:49 PM BIO1130 Organismal Biology Page 4 Carboniferous and Permian periods Female cone scale Ovule Male cone scale Sporangium Microspores Seedling Megaspore Pollen Female gametophyte Archegonia with eggs Seed Gymnosperm life cycle (conifers) Zygote Pollen tube Sperm cells Figure 25.26 Gymnosperm ovule Seed coat from integument Integument Spore wall Female gametophyte (n) Egg nucleus (n) Food supply Megasporangium (2n) Micropyle Megaspore (n) Male gametophyte (n) BIO1130 Organismal Biology Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa Pollen grain Embryo Figure 25.23 14 6:49 PM Lignin Hydrophobic Indigestible Bacterial and fungal lignases Toxic BIO1130 Organismal Biology Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa Figure 24.18 15 6:49 PM BIO1130 Organismal Biology Page 5 Carboniferous and Permian periods Fungi © Houseman BIO1130 Organismal Biology 16 Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 6:49 PM Typical fungal life cycle MITOSIS Spore-producing structure (n) MY GA MITOS IS MO AS f PL no sio m (fu oplas rent cyt diffe als) u m SEXUAL fro divid in REPRODUCTION ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION Spores (n) MITOSIS Heterokaryotic mycelium (n + n) Mycelium (n) KA (f RY nu usio OG cle n AM o inddiffe i fro f Y re m ivi du nt als ) Zygote (2n) Spore-producing structure (n) SIS IO ME MIT OSIS Spores (n) Haploid (n) Heterokaryotic (n + n) Diploid (2n) Figure 31-13a 31- BIO1130 Organismal Biology 17 Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 6:49 PM Fungal types Basidiomycota Ascomycota Spores Ascus Spores Basidia Hyphae BIO1130 Organismal Biology BIO1130 Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa Hyphae Figure 31-7cd 31- 18 6:49 PM BIO1130 Organismal Biology Page 6 Carboniferous and Permian periods Basidiomycota life cycle Dikaryotic cell Plasmogamy Haploid mycelia Dikaryotic mycelium Dikaryotic Haploid Gills Basidiospores Basidium Diploid Basidiocarp Basidia Karyogamy Meiosis Figure 24.19 Zygote Ascomycota life cycle Type + Conidiophores Dikaryotic ascus Plasmogamy Conidia Type – Dikaryotic Karyogamy Ascus with zygote Asexual cycle Released ascospores Diploid Haploid Meiosis Ascocarp Haploid nuclei Sexual cycle Figure 31-13e 31Ascus with ascospores Fungal mutualism (Often involves ascomycota) ascomycota) BIO1130 Organismal Biology Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 21 6:49 PM BIO1130 Organismal Biology Page 7 Carboniferous and Permian periods Types of fungal mutualism Ectomycorrhizal fungi (EMF) EMF Cross section of plant root Figure 31-11a 31- BIO1130 Organismal Biology 22 Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 6:49 PM Types of fungal mutualism Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) Vesicle Root hair Spore Fungal mycelia Arbuscule BIO1130 Organismal Biology Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa Arbuscule Figure 24.11 23 6:49 PM Fungi - Lichens BIO1130 Organismal Biology Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa Figure 24.22 c & d 24 6:49 PM BIO1130 Organismal Biology Page 8 Carboniferous and Permian periods Fungi - Lichens Soredium Cortex Photobionts Medulla Cortex Figure 24.22 BIO1130 Organismal Biology 25 Lophophore Chordata Arthropoda Echinodermata Onychophora Annelida 6:49 PM Mollusca Platyhelminthes Bryozoa Porifera Cnidaria Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa Trochophore Ecdysis Figure 26.6 Lophotrochozoa Apical cilia Ciliated tentacles Stomach Mouth Anus Mouth Anus Trochophore larva BIO1130 Organismal Biology Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa Figure 26.23 27 6:49 PM BIO1130 Organismal Biology Page 9 Carboniferous and Permian periods Annelida Earthworm body wall Circular muscle Longitudinal muscle Coelom Seta BIO1130 Organismal Biology Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 28 6:49 PM Body wall Epithelium Circular muscle Longitudinal muscle BIO1130 Organismal Biology Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 29 6:49 PM Annelida Earthworm locomotion Longitudinal contracted (setae out) Circular contracted (setae in) BIO1130 Organismal Biology Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 30 6:49 PM BIO1130 Organismal Biology Page 10 Carboniferous and Permian periods Reproductive system Seminal vesicle Testis Seminal receptacle Sperm funnel Sperm duct Ovary Ovarian funnel BIO1130 Organismal Biology 31 Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 6:49 PM Cocoon formation BIO1130 Organismal Biology 32 Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 6:49 PM Insect external anatomy Head Thorax Abdomen Antenna Tympanum 2 pairs of wings (adult) Compound eye Mouthparts 3 pairs of legs BIO1130 Organismal Biology Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa Figure 26.45a 33 6:49 PM BIO1130 Organismal Biology Page 11 Carboniferous and Permian periods Insect movement Flight and wing folding mechanism Video: 4.54 BIO1130 Organismal Biology 34 Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 6:49 PM Cuticle - Exoskeleton Epicuticle Procuticle Epidermis Basement membrane BIO1130 Organismal Biology Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 35 6:49 PM Insect tracheal system Trachea Spiracles Tracheoles Tracheolar cell Muscle BIO1130 Organismal Biology Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 36 6:49 PM BIO1130 Organismal Biology Page 12 Carboniferous and Permian periods Insect reproduction Internal fertilization - spermatophore Insect egg shell BIO1130 Organismal Biology 37 Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 6:49 PM Insect metamorphosis Ametabolous Incomplete metamorphosis Complete metamorphosis Amphibia Amniotes Boney fish Lobed finned fish Chondrichtheyes Urochordata Echinoderms Figure 26.47 Amniote egg Tetrapod stance Hinged jaws and moveable fins Jawless and jawed fishes Agnatha and Gnathostomata Bones Vertebrae Cranium Deuterostome phylogeny Fig. 27.1 BIO1130 Organismal Biology Page 13 Carboniferous and Permian periods Amphibians BIO1130 Organismal Biology 40 Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 6:49 PM Amphibian food BIO1130 Organismal Biology 41 Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 6:49 PM Amphibian locomotion Pelvic girdle Pelvic girdle BIO1130 Organismal Biology Page 14 Carboniferous and Permian periods Amphiban skin Epidermis Mucus gland Poison gland Dermis BIO1130 Organismal Biology 43 Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 6:49 PM Amphibian life cycle Adult Tadpole Egg Gastrula Blastula Birda Mammals Snakes (Fig 27.29) Crocodiles Amniote phylogeny Turtles Gastrula Dinosaurs Lepidosaurs Anapsids Archosaurs Diapsids Synapsids BIO1130 Organismal Biology Page 15 Carboniferous and Permian periods Amniote egg. Amnion Embryo Allantois Shell Albumen Yolk sac Chorion Figure 27.28 BIO1130 Organismal Biology 46 Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 6:49 PM Extinction intensity Mass extinctions n) ia br n m ia ic Ca ov n nd rd ia (E O on d ev En D d En d En n ia rm Pe d En ic ss ia Tr d En s ou ce ta re C Millions of years ago BIO1130 Organismal Biology Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 47 6:49 PM Types of extinction Background extinction Mass extinctions BIO1130 Organismal Biology Page 16 Carboniferous and Permian periods Causes of mass extinction Asteroid impacts Elevated Carbon dioxide – Flood basalts – Volcanoes – Gas hydrates Marine anoxia Sea level changes BIO1130 Organismal Biology 49 Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 6:49 PM Flood basalts video BIO1130 Organismal Biology BIO1130 Figure 27-15 27- Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 50 6:49 PM Surviving mass extinctions Plants Insects Small size and global distribution Generalist life style BIO1130 Organismal Biology Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 51 6:49 PM BIO1130 Organismal Biology Page 17 ...
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This note was uploaded on 09/09/2011 for the course BIO 1130 taught by Professor Fenwick during the Fall '08 term at University of Ottawa.

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