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Unformatted text preview: MAT1332 Assignment 5 Solutions Total =20 points 1. (6 points) For the system of linear equations x + 3 y + 9 z = 3 2 x + 7 y + 23 z = 2 x + ay + a 2 z = a (a) determine the values of a for which the system has (i) no solution, (ii) infinitely many solutions, (iii) a unique solution. (b) In case (ii) above describe all solutions. (c) If a = 1 find the inverse of the matrix A = 1 3 3 2 7 2 1 a a 2 The augmented matrix of the system is A = 1 3 9 3 2 7 23 2 1 a a 2 a We perform the following operations, where R i is row i : R 2 R 2 2 R 1 , R 3 R 3 R 1 , R 3 R 3 ( a 3) R 2 , and obtain A ∼ 1 3 9 3 1 5 4 a 3 a 2 9 a 3 ∼ 1 2 3 3 0 1 5 4 0 0 a 2 9 5 a + 15 5( a 3) . Since a 2 9 5 a + 15 = ( a 3)( a 2) we get: 1 3 9 3 0 1 5 4 0 0 ( a 3)( a 2) 5( a 3) • If a = 2, then the last row of the matrix is is 0 0 0 5 . Hence the system is inconsistent. • If a = 3 then M = 1 2 4 2 0 1 5 4 0 0 0 ∼ 1 0 6 10 0 1 5 4 0 0 Hence the system has infinitely many solutions. 1 • If a / ∈ { 3 , 2 } , then ( a 3)( a 2) 6 = 0 and so the system is uniquely solvable The answer to question (a) is therefore: (i) The system in inconsistent if a = 2. 1 point (ii) The system has infinitely many solutions if a = 3. 1 point (iii) The system is uniquely solvable if a / ∈ { 2 , 3 } . 1 point (b) The RREF of the matrix is...
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 Winter '07
 MUNTEANU
 Calculus, Linear Equations, Equations, Vitamin, infinitely many solutions

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