AMST midterm study guide

AMST midterm study guide - Worlds Columbian Exposition -...

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World’s Columbian Exposition - World’s Fair held in Chicago in 1893 to celebrate the 400 th anniversary of Columbus’s arrival in the New World - Profound effect on architecture, the arts, Chicago’s self-esteem, and American industrial optimism - Grandest world’s fair in the nation’s history - A city in what the Americans on the eve of 20 th century imagined a city might be like - Creation of lagoons, fountains, wooded islands, gardens, and imposing buildings - In October, the fair closed because Chicago’s unemployed and homeless took over the grounds, vandalizing everything - The city was torched in July 1894 in a clash between federal troops and striking railway workers - Aka the White City, which always remained as a dreamscape Spanish-American War of 1898 - An effort to free Cuba from Spain’s grasp but ended with US fighting against Filipino - The war offered Americans a chance to wave the flag and march in unison - Cubans were in concentration camps where they were mistreated and many died - Provoked Americans and yellow journalism (pandered to the public’s appetite for sensationalism) - America had more than $50 million invested in Cuban sugar and as a result of the affair between Spain and Cuba, the trade dropped to nearly zero - President McKinley dispatched Maine to Cuba and Maine was destroyed and the Americans blamed the Spanish - “Remember the Maine” - Admiral George Dewey destroyed the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay and dispatched troops to secure the islands of Philipines - The first US troops landed on June 22 nd and the Spanish surrendered on July 17 th . - The war lasted for 8 months - When the war ended, US was seen as an imperial power The Debate over American Imperialism - After the end of the Spanish-American War, America gained possession of an empire that stretched halfway around the globe - US acquired Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines, and Hawaii - Democrats and former Populists resisted the country’s foray into oversea empire - American expansionism only distracted the nation from problems at home Progressivism - A political attitude favoring or advocating changes or reform through governmental actions
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- Progressive movements: began in cities with settlement workers and reformers who were interested in helping those facing harsh conditions at home and work. They called for better working conditions for children, women, and people in general. - General response to the vast change brought by industrialization Wounded Knee - December 1890 massacre of Sioux Indians by American cavalry at Wounded Knee Creek, S. Dakota. - Troops were sent to suppress the Ghost Dance, the soldiers opened fire on a group of Sioux as they attempted to surrender. -
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AMST midterm study guide - Worlds Columbian Exposition -...

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