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Unformatted text preview: BIOE80P Reader LECTURE 01B INTRODUCTION TO INFECTIOUS DISEASES INFECTIOUS AGENTS AND THEIR L IFE CYCLES 2. DEFINITIONS: OUTBREAKS a) ENDEMIC: CONSTANT presence of a disease in a population (ex: tooth ache, athletes foot, certain STIs) b) EPIDEMIC: Outbreak of ONE specific disease greater than expected (lyme disease, obesity) c) PANDEMIC: WIDESPREAD over country, continent, worldwide (AIDS, Flu 1918-1919, swine flu [H1N1] 2009) 3. EARLY SIGNS OF DISEASES a) BACTERIA: Plants b) FOSSIL REMAINS: diseases seen (tuberculosis (TB), arthritis, bone tumors) c) EGYPTIAN MUMM IES: (polio, TB, pneumonia, smallpox) 4. 6 CAUSATION THEORIES a) BIBLICAL: god/demons b) CONTAGION: quarantine-isolated lepers c) HUMORAL: natural causes explanation (Hippocrates) d) GERM: one cause for one disease (ex: malaria) e) MIASMA: bad odor f) MULTIPLE: infectious, non-infectious 5. MOSAIC CODE- segregation of lepers- communicable disease control- fumigation- decontamination- protect water supply- waste disposal and sanitation of living space- food protection 6. H IPPOCRATES6....
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This note was uploaded on 09/09/2011 for the course BIOLE 80P taught by Professor Thompson during the Spring '11 term at UCSC.
- Spring '11