Ch01_Outline - Chapter1 Minerals:Building BlocksofRocks

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 Chapter 1  Minerals: Building  Blocks of Rocks
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        Minerals: Building Blocks  of Rocks By definition a  mineral   is/has Naturally occurring Inorganic solid Ordered internal molecular structure Definite chemical composition Rock A solid aggregate of minerals
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        Composition and Structure  of Minerals Elements Basic building blocks of minerals Over 100 are known (92 naturally  occurring) Atoms Smallest particles of matter Retain all the characteristics of an  element
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        Composition and Structure  of Minerals Atomic structure Central region called the  nucleus Consists of  protons  (+ charge) and  neutrons  (no charge) Electrons Negatively charged particles that surround  the nucleus Located in discrete energy levels called  shells
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    Structure of an Atom Figure 1.5 A
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    Composition and Structure  of  Minerals Chemical bonding Formation of a compound by  combining two or more elements Atoms gain or lose outermost  electrons to form  ions Oppositely charged ions attract one  another to produce a neutral chemical  compound
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    Composition and Structure  of  Minerals Isotopes and radioactive decay Mass number  = sum of neutrons + 
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2011 for the course EAS 120 taught by Professor Svec during the Fall '08 term at Moraine Valley Community College.

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Ch01_Outline - Chapter1 Minerals:Building BlocksofRocks

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