Section 5 - Section 5: School Conduct Policies and...

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Section 5: School Conduct Policies and Discipline The Commissioner of Education mandates that every school district must write and enforce a written policy on proper school conduct and related discipline. (See Commissioner's Regulations Art. 100.2(L)) A school's conduct policy should be developed through collaboration by all stakeholders (administrators, teachers, parents, students, guidance counselors, etc.). The policy must be publicized and explained to students every year. That policy must also specify the sanctions that will be applied for violations. These sanctions must also be explained to students and parents, distributed in writing, and explained every year. Examples of sanctions include: - verbal or written warning with notice to parents - detention - suspension from participation in school events, sports or extracurricular activities - exclusion from a specific class or classes (in school suspension) - out of school suspension (short term and long term) - transfer to a different school, home school or alternative school facility Note: The sanction should fit the crime. Fairness is important when correcting student misbehavior. Discipline also requires an individualized approach and careful review of a student's previous record will ensure that discipline is both fair and progressive. Every new violation, or a pattern of violation, warrants higher sanctions. Most importantly, discipline must be consistently applied. Conversation about misbehavior with the student identifies the root cause of the problem, and it is needed so that a student will know how to avoid the same problem in the future. Sanctions and suspensions do not solve student behavior problems. They get the student's attention and are important as behavioral lessons, but conversation and social training lead to behavioral improvement. Cruel and Unusual Punishment: The one U.S. Supreme Court Case involving corporal punishment is Ingraham v Wright, 430 U.S. 651, 1977. That facts of that case show that a principal whipped two students with a paddle so severely that one suffered a hematoma (bleeding beneath the skin) that required medical attention. The court in that case did say that the punishment was too severe, but did NOT raise to the level required to afford the students relief under the Eight and Fourteenth Amendments. In Calway v Williamson, 36A.2d 377, 1944, a principal threw a student down the stairs and then sat on him. There the state court held that the force used was beyond reason.
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The student conduct policy must also specify how misbehavior will be identified, and any alternative educational programs or special education programs that a student may be referred to if appropriate. Finally, the conduct policy should also be reviewed every year and amended as needed. The conduct policy should give notice of the conditions under which reasonable force may be
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This note was uploaded on 09/09/2011 for the course MFC 484 taught by Professor Posse during the Fall '11 term at SUNY Buffalo.

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Section 5 - Section 5: School Conduct Policies and...

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