Health and Medicine - Medicine and Health Symbolic...

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Medicine and Health Symbolic Interactionist Perspective Health is affected by cultural beliefs Sickness and Health are not absolutes but a matter of definition Four components Physical Mental Social Spiritual Functionalist Perspective The “Sick Role” Four Elements You are not held responsible You are exempt from normal responsibilities You don’t like the role You will get help so you can return to routine If you don’t get help, you are responsible and will get no sympathy Ambiguity – more social than physical Gatekeepers Men are less likely to be sick; women are more dramatic Conflict Perspective Least Industrialized Countries – lower life expectancies and higher infant mortality Four major illnesses/disease: Malaria; Internal Parasites; Diarrhea; Malnutrition Most Industrialized Diseases – Luxury diseases; many people don’t live long enough to get cancer or heart attacks Elites in poor countries Conflict perspective – US 1700s- People could be physicians after being apprenticed by a physician
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Health and Medicine - Medicine and Health Symbolic...

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