Social Stratification - Social Stratification System in...

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Social Stratification System in which people are divided according to their relative power, property, and prestige All societies stratify their members All societies stratify by gender Four major systems of stratification Slavery Initially based on debt, criminality, or defeat in battle Varied forms of slavery Lifelong or temporary Children (either became slave or were adopted into slave owner’s family) New World used indentured servitude (slavery paid off passage to the new world) Native Americans (failed due to escape) Africans Still exists in Sudan, Mauritania, and Ivory Coast Caste Social status by birth Forbid intermarriage and contracts between castes India- based on religious beliefs; Four Main Castes Priests/Clergy, Rulers, Merchants, Laborers/Workers….Untouchables India officially abolished in 1949 South Africa- apartheid America- slavery replaced by racial caste Estate system European middle Ages First estate- Nobility Second Estate- Clergy Third Estate- Commoners
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