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Unformatted text preview: Name_______________________________ SID___________________________________ University of California, Berkeley – College of Engineering
D epartment of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences
Summer 2011 Instructor: Neel Shah Last Name
First Name 20110727 Key
Solution Student ID Number
Name of the person to your left
Name of the person to your right
All the work is my own. I had no prior knowledge of the
exam contents nor will I share the contents with others in
EE40 who have not taken it yet. I have not cleverly hidden
notes and/or computational devices that give me an unfair
advantage. (please sign) Instructions:
• •
• •
•
• •
• You have 110 minutes to complete this exam, which we’ll start at 12:05 PM. Once time is out at 1:55 PM, we’ll
announce that time is up, and you should stop writing immediately. The exact times will depend on when we
can get everyone settled in.
There are 12 pages on the exam. All work should be on this exam. Don’t hand in random sheets of paper.
Please turn off anything that might make noise, unless it is necessary for you to stay alive. Remove all hats and
headphones. Allow at least one empty seat between your neighbor and you. All backpacks, laptops, and jackets
should be up front, and nothing should be in the seats or on the floor between you and your neighbors.
Calculators are allowed and recommended, but cell phone calculators are not.
You may use 2 pages of notes (8.5” x 11” or A4), front and back, handwritten or typed, no magnifying glasses!
Partial credit will be given for incomplete answers, so please show your work. The best possible thing you can do
if you start running out of time is to write out things like the correct node voltage equations for problems you
haven’t completed.
If you get stuck on an algebra problem, move on! The numerical part of a problem will be worth less than the
conceptual part!
This is a hard test, but hopefully not too hard! If the average is too low, remember that we’re going to nudge
grades up if we went too hard on you and wrote problems that were too difficult.
Problem 1 Problem 2 Problem 3 Problem 4 Total
Earned
Max 50 50 50 Page 1 of 11 50 200 Name_______________________________ SID___________________________________ Problem 1. Short Answer (a = 10pts, b = 10pts, c = 10pts, d = 20pts)
a) Given a nonideal AC voltage source with source impedance
, what should the load impedance be in
order to maximize the power factor of the circuit? Give your answer in the form
, in terms of and . Technically RL can be anything as long as XL = XS.
10/10 points for just stating the answer
5/10 points for showing some work involving the power factor
9/10 points if they get
and something else for
5/10 points if they get lost in algebra somewhere
b) Given the transmission line circuit below, at what frequency (in terms of
The answer is ) does the input impedance ? √
10/10 points for just stating the right answer
5/10 points if they get lost in algebra somewhere
8/10 points if they forget the
Also 10/10 pts for f = 0, I guess that works too! c) Function generators typically output sine waves by filtering square waves. Sketch a circuit that will do this. You don’t
need to provide values for your circuit elements so the frequencies do not matter. Just think of how to filter a square
wave such that it is a sine wave, and then draw an example of such a circuit.
10/10 points for any lowpass filter, 0/10 points otherwise Page 2 of 11 Name_______________________________
SID___________________________________
d) A typical model for a MEMS device uses transformers to convert energy between the electrical and mechanical
domains. If the transformers on the left circuit have equal and opposite turns ratios, we can simplify it to the circuit on
the right. Give the circuit parameters on the right
in terms of the parameters on the left (
. Step 1: reduce the RH transformer Step 2: reduce the LH transformer 20/20 points for just stating the answer: 10/20 points if they tried to work out the impedances (basically on the right track)
5/20 points if they got lost in algebra (basically on the wrong track)
15/20 points if they just got the turns ratio backwards on the answers Page 3 of 11 Name_______________________________ SID___________________________________ Problem 2. Twisted iClicker Redux (a = 10pts, b = 20pts, c = 20pts, d = 10pts bonus)
The following circuit consists of a nonideal inductor with series
resistance and selfcapacitance in addition to the nominal inductance
. This nonideal inductor is then placed in parallel with a capacitor
to
form an LC tank circuit.
Brute force impedance analysis on this circuit is difficult, so we utilize a
trick to transform the circuit, called the seriesshunt transformation. At a
particular frequency, the inductor and series resistor pair
is equal
in impedance to a parallel inductor/resistor pair
. The quality
factor for the series model is
, and the quality factor for the
transformed parallel model is
. Both quality factors are
equal to each other, i.e.
. Applied to the original, the resultant circuit looks like the one below. a) What is the resonant frequency of the circuit? Provide a formula and a numerical value. √
+4 points for recognizing C and CX are in parallel, +3 points for using the inductor L, +3 points for arithmetic
b) Assuming the resonant frequency is , what are the values of Impedance for the parallel combination: Equate this to the series impedance : Page 4 of 11 and at ? Name_______________________________ SID___________________________________ Divide the top and bottom of the R equation by : Do the same thing to the L equation:
( ) Where
+5 points if they recognize they need to get the parallel combo of R’ and L’ give partial credit +2 as needed
+5 points if they do the complex conjugate math give partial credit +2/4 for major/minor errors
+6 points if they figure out how to substitute in Q give partial credit +3 if they sub in Q but mess it up a bit
+4 points for correct answers (+2 for R’, +2 for L’)
c) Suppose we provide a burst of magnetic field energy that the inductor picks up and delivers to the circuit as a current
source, as shown in the circuit below. Assuming
and
, provide a sketch of the magnitude and
phase Bode plots of the transfer function
. Mark the values of the magnitude and phase on the Bode
plots at
. Note you need to calculate a new resonant frequency for this circuit. +10 points for the magnitude bode plot (+4 for the right shape – bandpass, +2 for each marked value)
+10 points for the phase bode plot(+4 for the right shape – mirrored S curve, +2 for each marked value)
Technically the transfer function is not asked for. It is possible to answer this question for full credit without deriving the
transfer function by recognizing the BP filter and knowing what the mag/phase must be at the given frequencies.
However if they do calculate the transfer function and are lacking in points for the rest of the problem (i.e. missing or
incorrect mag/phase plots) give up to +10 partial credit points for doing this work. (up to +4/7/10 for getting the
complex TF / mag response / phase response formulas)
d) Sketch the time domain waveform of . Mark the resonant frequency, Qfactor, and steady state value. [Bonus]
+4 points for drawing the correct (underdamped) waveshape
+1 point each for explaining the significance of or correctly
marking each of
+3 points for showing any work related to determining the
type of damping of the system (second order DE,
) Page 5 of 11 Name_______________________________ SID___________________________________ Problem 3. I/O Impedance of a Tuned BJT Receiver (a = 20pts, b = 20pts, c = 10pts)
Consider the following twostage radio receiver, which picks up a small signal from an antenna and amplifies it. Using
the tuned load , the amplifier effectively ignores all signals out of the band specified by the resonant frequency of .
Assume for this problem we are operating in the GSMII frequency band where
. The properties of the first stage are distilled into the Thévenin model above. The second stage equivalent circuit is
shown below. Due to the highfrequency nature of radio operation we have to include parasitic capacitive effects of the
transistor in , a combined resistor/capacitor pair between the input and the output. Note the current is the net
current into ; that is,
. Page 6 of 11 Name_______________________________ SID___________________________________ a) Calculate the input impedance at seen by the driving stage . Hint: Apply a test voltage
at the point marked
, and find the test current . Give your answer in the form
and provide numerical values for
and
. The majority of points go to correct derivation, not arithmetic. Remember to include the load impedance!
This is the exact same circuit set up as Midterm 1.
Replace Rin with Zin, Rπ with Zπ, RL with ZL.
Also ZL is tuned such that at 900 MHz, ZL = RL.
KCL at to get it in terms of :
( ) ( ) ( Now combine to get ) ( ) : +3/3 points for defining the test current and circuit appropriately
(+1/1 point partial credit if an attempt is made)
+8 points for setting up KCL correctly (+4 pts partial credit if some of the terms are right)
+2 points for getting the right numerical answer for
(99800+j4742Ω if done without
+4 partial credit points for stuff like noticing be liberal with these four points ) b) Calculate the output impedance and Thévenin voltage seen by the tuned load at . Hint: Apply a test current
source
at the point marked
, and find the test voltage
. Give your answer in the form
and provide numerical values for
and
. The majority of points go to correct derivation, not arithmetic.
Remember to include the source resistance!
All we need is KCL at the output node: (
( )
( Plugging in numbers:
Page 7 of 11 ) ) , Name_______________________________ SID___________________________________ ( ) +3/3 points for defining the test current and circuit appropriately
(+1/1 point partial credit if an attempt is made)
+8 points for setting up KCL correctly (+4 pts partial credit if some of the terms are right)
+2 points for getting the right numerical answer for
+4 partial credit points for other stuff be liberal with these four points
c) Suppose the receiver instead picks up interference from the nearby
ISM (industrial, scientific, medical)
band. Would you expect the input impedance to be higher or lower? What about the output impedance? Support your
answer with a brief analysis of
and
.
The output impedance magnitude will drop slightly (i.e. be less capacitive).
Since ZL detunes, the input impedance will drop much more significantly (because ZL is maximized at the resonant
frequency).
+3/3 points for getting the directions right on each impedance
+2/2 points for an explanation (i.e. for output, talk about Zpi, for input, talk about ZL)
(+1 point if for input impedance they talk about Zpi but not ZL) Page 8 of 11 Name_______________________________ SID___________________________________ Problem 4. MEMS Capacitance Amplifier (a = 15pts, b = 15pts, c = 10pts)
In your homework you solved for the capacitance equations for a differential MEMS accelerometer with movable
capacitive plates. Consider now just one of those capacitive plates: In MEMS it is common to separate the capacitance time derivative
into a spatial derivative
which is usually a constant. So if the gap of a capacitor is changing… For a sinusoidal input and a velocity , the derivative is simply Given a constant voltage, the motional current can be calculated by Where represents the introduction of a phase shift. This is just another way of writing Assume the following values for this problem and use the approximation for Page 9 of 11 : . Name_______________________________ SID___________________________________ a) Calculate the motional current when
Magnitude: . Give your answer as . Phase:
( ) Phase: +5 points for correct answer,( +3 points if they get ( ) , +2 points if they get Magnitude: +5 points for correct answer, (+3 points for correct equation use but math error)
Frequency: +5 points for stating
(freebie points basically)
b) We use a transimpedance amplifier like the one in the diagram below to convert the output current into a voltage.
Calculate the output voltage
of the transimpedance amplifier when
is as in (a). Give your answer in the form
. For a transimpedance amplifier
The phase is now
and the magnitude of
+5 points for the transfer function (+3 points if they get confused about C(x) but set up KCL right etc.)
+5 points for new phase (+3 points if they get , +2 points if they get ) +2 points for new magnitude numerical answer
+3 points apply liberally if they seem on the right track
c) Due to nonidealities, the parasitic resistance of the accelerometer forms a first order filter with its capacitance. In
reality the circuit looks more like this. (The parallel current source +RC has been converted to a series voltage source +
RC for you, using source and seriesshunt transformations.) State the kind of filter this circuit forms (i.e. lowpass or
highpass). Briefly explain why. Page 10 of 11 Name_______________________________ SID___________________________________ High pass filter.
Explanation: Capacitor in series blocks low frequencies.
Transfer function: Solving for the transfer function and concluding it is a high pass (plugging in
explanation as well.
+5 points for correct filter answer, +5 points for explanation Page 11 of 11 ) suffices as an ...
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This note was uploaded on 09/09/2011 for the course EECS 40 taught by Professor Changhasnain during the Summer '08 term at University of California, Berkeley.
 Summer '08
 ChangHasnain
 Computer Science, Electrical Engineering

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