lecture01_06_21_2011

lecture01_06_21_2011 - EE40 : Introduction to...

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1 EE40 Summer 2011 Hug EE40 : Introduction to Microelectronic Circuits Instructor: Neel Shah [not me] Lecture 1 – Josh Hug [me] 6/20/2011
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2 EE40 Summer 2011 Hug A Story
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3 EE40 Summer 2011 Hug Integrated Circuit (Core i7 processor) Courtesy of Intel
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4 EE40 Summer 2011 Hug Integrated Circuits (Core i7 processor) Almost 1,000,000,000 transistors Features as small as a nanometer
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5 EE40 Summer 2011 Hug Then (C64, 1983) and Now (iPhone, 2010) 5000 nanometer process 1.023 MHz (CPU) 10,000s of transistors 160 x 200 x 16 color display $1300 dollars at release (adjusted for inflation) 45 nanometer process 1,000 MHz 100,000,000 transistors 320 x 480 x 262,144 color display $600 dollars at release
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6 EE40 Summer 2011 Hug Moore’s Law
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7 EE40 Summer 2011 Hug Electron Microscope view of MOS Transistor Insulating Layer (gate oxide) now just 1.2 nm thick 35 nm wide Courtesy: Tom’s Hardware, June 11 2006 (65 nm process) For reference: Human hair: 100,000 nm Silicon atom: 0.1 nm In 10 years, we will hit a wall.
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8 EE40 Summer 2011 Hug There’s (still) Plenty of Room at the Bottom “There’s more than one way to build a nanoscale information processing unit” – Folklore E coli is a 2000 nm by 500 nm device by area (in 3D, 500 nm tall) – Self-replicating, self-powered system – 1 million interconnected subdevices of 4000 types – Stores 1 megabyte of genomic data – Humans are capable of building only a 10 bit SRAM in the same area Painting of E. Coli courtesy of shardcore.org
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9 EE40 Summer 2011 Hug Even if we switch from MOS transistors… • Integrated Circuits will be an important technology for a long time • Designing and building these circuits requires knowledge in many fields Circuit analysis – Semiconductor physics – Chemistry – Computer microarchitecture – Signal processing – And many many more…
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10 EE40 Summer 2011 Hug EE 40 Course Overview EECS 40: One of five EECS core courses (with 20, 61A, 61B, and 61C) introduces “hardware” side of EECS prerequisite for EE105, EE130, EE141, EE150 Prerequisites: Math 1B, Physics 7B Course content: Electronic circuits Some very basic semiconductor physics Integrated-circuit devices and technology
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11 EE40 Summer 2011 Hug EE40 Circuit Modeling Device Response Circuit Input/Output Response EE40 Device Modeling Silicon Copper Other Materials EE105, EE130
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12 EE40 Summer 2011 Hug Core EECS Courses (Computer Centric View) Combinational and Sequential Logic Integrated Circuits Computer Programs Transistors and other devices Silicon and other materials Computers Circuit models 61A/B State machines EE40 CS61C CS61C EE40 Network Models CS61C Buildable Artifacts EE20
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13 EE40 Summer 2011 Hug Course Logistics
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14 EE40 Summer 2011 Hug Important Dates (try not to miss these) • Two in-class midterms: – 7/8 – Two weeks from Friday – 7/27 • Final exam: Most likely in-class 8/12 • July 1: Must be registered! • Dropping the course:
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lecture01_06_21_2011 - EE40 : Introduction to...

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