INTRODUCTION: ALCOHOLAccording to the Mayo Clinic (2018), alcohol use becomes unhealthy when alcohol puts a persons’ health or safety at risk or causes other alcohol-related problems, this includes binge drinking. Alcohol abuse disorders range from mild to severe. Mild alcohol abuse disorder can escalate to a serious problem. Early treatment and prevention is important (Mayo Clinic, 2018). The SBIRT is a tool that can be utilized to determine if a patient requires further assessment regarding their drinking habits and possibly treatment.16% of Rockland County residents reported excessive drinking in 2016 (County Health Rankings and Roadmaps, 2019).
According to the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, IHME (2016), this data shows the prevalence (in percentages) of female and male heavy drinkers in Rockland County. This data is compared with New York state and nationally. This data was collected in 2012. Rockland County StatisticsInstitute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME). (2016). US County Profile, Rockland County, New York. Retrieved from
In the same report by the IHME (2016), the prevalence of Rockland County residents in 2012 who were binge drinking was also reported on. Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME). (2016). US County Profile, Rockland County, New York. Retrieved from
ALCOHOL USE DISORDER/ALCOHOLISM DESCRIPTION Alcoholism is now known as alcohol use disorder because of the different degrees that people drink. Alcohol use disorder can be mild to severe. A patient with alcohol use disorder does not know when or how to stop drinking, can spend a lot of their day thinking about alcohol, and have difficulty controlling how much alcohol they consume (Newman, 2018). Patients can abuse alcohol but not necessarily be dependent on alcohol (Newman, 2018).
HAZARDOUS DRINKINGVS.HARMFUL DRINKINGoHazardous drinking is a pattern of drinking that elevates risk for harm, such as the consumption of a sufficient amount of alcohol to cause mental or physical impairment, example, binge drinking (SBIRT Education, n.d). oHarmful alcohol use is a drinking pattern that causes harm to a persons physical, physiological, mental, and physiological health (SBIRT Education, n.d). This Photoby Unknown Author is licensed under CC BY-SA-NC
CAUSES AND COMPLICATIONS OF ALCOHOL ABUSE•Alcohol dependence can take years to decades to develop, there are risk factors that can make people more vulnerable to developing an alcohol abuse disorder (Newman, 2018).