Unformatted text preview: 7.3 Volumes of Revolution: the Shell Method Class Notes: Prof. G. Battaly, Westchester Community College, NY
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Homework Part 1 Homework Part 2 Title: Homework (1 of 16) 7.3 Volumes of Revolution: the Shell Method Consider: y = x3 3x + 3, x = 0, y = 0, x = 2 Easy to revolve about xaxis: Use disk method BUT, what about revolving about y axis? Class Notes: Prof. G. Battaly, Westchester Community College, NY
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Homework Part 1 Homework Part 2 Title: Introduction (2 of 16) 7.3 Volumes of Revolution: the Shell Method Consider: y = x3 3x + 3, x = 0, y = 0, x = 2
What about revolving about y axis? Reference rectangle for disk method is not consistent and does not have an easy algebraic representation. Class Notes: Prof. G. Battaly, Westchester Community College, NY
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Homework Part 1 Homework Part 2 Title: problems w. disk method (3 of 16) 7.3 Volumes of Revolution: the Shell Method Consider: y = x3 3x + 3, x = 0, y = 0, x = 2 1
3 2 Could divide into 3 regions. Then add the volumes. Class Notes: Prof. G. Battaly, Westchester Community College, NY
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Homework Part 1 Homework Part 2 Title: how to set up disk method (4 of 16) 7.3 Volumes of Revolution: the Shell Method Consider: y = x3 3x + 3, x = 0, y = 0, x = 2 For Region 1: 1
3 2 We have x, but we need an integrand to match the dy. Could divide into 3 regions. Class Notes: Prof. G. Battaly, Westchester Community College, NY
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Homework Part 1 Homework Part 2 Title: match variable in integrand (5 of 16) 7.3 Volumes of Revolution: the Shell Method Consider: y = x3 3x + 3, x = 0, y = 0, x = 2 1
3 2 For dy, we need to solve the cubic function for x in terms of y to express the integrand algebraically Class Notes: Prof. G. Battaly, Westchester Community College, NY
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Homework Part 1 Homework Part 2 Title: if y=f(x), then x=? (6 of 16) 7.3 Volumes of Revolution: the Shell Method
Use alternate method: the Shell Method . Start with reference rectangle, but this time the Reference Rectangle is parallel to the axis of revolution. Class Notes: Prof. G. Battaly, Westchester Community College, NY
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Homework Part 1 Homework Part 2 Title: alternate approach (7 of 16) 7.3 Volumes of Revolution: the Shell Method
Use alternate method: the Shell Method . Start with reference rectangle, but this time the Reference Rectangle is parallel to the axis of revolution. shell_method.swf Class Notes: Prof. G. Battaly, Westchester Community College, NY
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Homework Part 1 Homework Part 2 Title: Shell animation (8 of 16) 7.3 Volumes of Revolution: the Shell Method
p x
h p = average radius of shell h = height dx or dy = thickness or Class Notes: Prof. G. Battaly, Westchester Community College, NY
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Homework Part 1 Homework Part 2 Title: Shell Method: Formula (9 of 16) 7.3 Volumes of Revolution: the Shell Method
p x
h p = average radius of shell h = height dx or dy = thickness
or Volume of the shell = volume of the outer cylinder volume of the inner cylinder. w (delta x) is the width of the reference shell. Add the volumes of adjacent shells, and let delta x >0. Results in representation of the thickness of the shell as dx or dy.
Class Notes: Prof. G. Battaly, Westchester Community College, NY
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Homework Part 1 Homework Part 2 Title: Shell Method: Why? (10 of 16) 7.3 When to Use the Shell Method Volumes of Revolution Which Method?
1. Sketch the curves and identify the region, using the points of intersection. 2. Locate the axis of revolution on the sketch. 3. Decide whether to use a horizontal or vertical rectangle. Select the orientation that requires the least number of separate sections. 4. Decide whether to use the Disc Method or the Shell Method: a) If the rectange is perpendicular to the axis of revolution, use the Disc Method. b) If the rectangle is parallel to the axis of revolution, use the Shell Method . Class Notes: Prof. G. Battaly, Westchester Community College, NY
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Homework Part 1 Homework Part 2 Title: Shell Method: When? (11 of 16) Volumes of Revolution Shell Method 1. Complete Steps 1 to 4 in Volumes of Revolution, which Method? noted above. 2. Be sure that your rectangle is parallel to the axis of revolution. 3. Determine the variable of integration: a) If the rectangle is horizontal, then integrate with respect to y (use dy). The integrand must be in terms of y. b) If the rectangle is vertical, then integrate with respect to x (use dx). The integrand must be in terms of x. 4. Determine the integrand: p(x)h(x) or p(y)h(y) ? a) If the rectangle is horizontal, identify p(y), the distance of the rectangle from the axis of revolution, and h(y), the length of the rectangle. Use: b) If the rectangle is vertical, identify p(x), the distance of the rectangle from the axis of revolution, and h(x), the length of the rectangle. Use: Class Notes: Prof. G. Battaly, Westchester Community College, NY
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Homework Part 1 Homework Part 2 Title: shell method: how (12 of 16) 7.3 Volumes of Revolution: the Shell Method Consider: y = x3 3x + 3, x = 0, y = 0, x = 2
Which formula? * Which method? Shell Method. Can't find x= f(y). * Use the formula with dx! Class Notes: Prof. G. Battaly, Westchester Community College, NY
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Homework Part 1 Homework Part 2 Title: example (13 of 16) 7.3 Volumes of Revolution: the Shell Method Class Notes: Prof. G. Battaly, Westchester Community College, NY
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Homework Part 1 Homework Part 2 Title: example (14 of 16) 7.3 Volumes of Revolution: the Shell Method Class Notes: Prof. G. Battaly, Westchester Community College, NY
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Homework Part 1 Homework Part 2 Title: example (15 of 16) 7.3 Volumes of Revolution: the Shell Method Class Notes: Prof. G. Battaly, Westchester Community College, NY
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Homework Part 1 Homework Part 2 Title: example (16 of 16) ...
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