Intro to Psych, Module 2

Intro to Psych, Module 2 - History & Science of...

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Thinking Critically with Psychological Science Why can’t we just use our intuition/common sense about how our minds work? o Hindsight bias – “I knew it all along” o Overconfidence – overestimate abilities The scientific attitude o Curiosity o Skepticism o Humility Critical Thinking o Critical thinking does not accept arguments and conclusions blindly. o It examines assumptions, discerns hidden values, evaluates evidence and assesses conclusions. How do we ask and answer questions in psychology? o Psychologists, like all scientists, use the scientific method to construct theories that organize, summarize and simplify observations. o Theories o Hypotheses o Observations Description Correlation Experimentation Theories o Scientists don’t use the word “theory” the same way people do in every day conversation. A theory is NOT a guess. o
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Intro to Psych, Module 2 - History & Science of...

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