Central nervous system stimulants

Central nervous system stimulants - CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM...

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PA Child Welfare Competency-Based Training Program. 309 An Introduction to Substance Abuse for Child Welfare Professionals. Handout 21, Page 1 of 5 CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM STIMULANTS
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Cocaine Cocaine stimulates the central nervous system. It is physically and psychologically addictive. It can produce psychological dependency—users feel they cannot function without the drug. Its immediate effects include dilated pupils, elevated blood pressure, increased heart rate, elevated body temperature, sleeplessness, and restlessness. At later stages of use, irritability, unpredictability, paranoia, delusions, or violent behavior may occur. Occasional use can cause a stuffy or runny nose; chronic use can cause ulceration of the mucous membrane in the nose. Injecting cocaine with unsterile equipment can transmit HIV, hepatitis, and other infections. Crack or freebase rock, a concentrated form of cocaine, is extremely potent. Its effects are felt within ten seconds of administration. Physical effects include dilated pupils, increased pulse rate, elevated blood pressure, insomnia, loss of appetite, hoarseness, and parched lips, tongue, and throat. Crack is highly addictive and can produce erratic mood swings. Users may experience five minutes of elation followed by agitation and depression. Preparation of freebase cocaine, which involves the use of highly volatile solvents, can result in fire or explosion. Cocaine use may lead to death through disruption of the brain’s control of the heart and respiration. Type What is it called? What does it look like? How is it used? Cocaine Coke White crystalline powder Inhaled through Snow often diluted with other nose Flake ingredients Injected B l o w S m o k e d Nose candy
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  • Summer '08
  • Jones,K
  • cocaine, Methamphetamine, Crack Cocaine, Lysergic acid diethylamide, Child Welfare Professionals, Competency-Based Training Program

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Central nervous system stimulants - CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM...

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