Drug Classifications - Hagedorn Drug Classifications...

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Hagedorn MHS 6450 1 Drug Classifications Administration, Effects, Overdose, Tolerance, and Withdrawal Definitions – Tolerance • The need for ______________________ of the substance or behavior to achieve intoxication or the desired effect A markedly diminished effect with the • A markedly diminished effect with the continued use of the same amount of the substance or behavior • _____________________ in identifying SA From this point forward, whenever you see “substance,” please think “or behavior” Definitions – Tolerance • ________________________ – Exhibiting tolerance to a substance after developing tolerance to another substance in the same or similar classification • Example – tolerance to alcohol will typically result in tolerance to valium
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Hagedorn MHS 6450 2 Definitions – Withdrawal • Physical and psychological effects that occur when a drug dependent individual ______________________ alcohol or other drug use • Ranging from mildly uncomfortable to potentially fatal • ____________________ in identifying SA Definitions – Dependence • Physical – occurs when a person's body gets used to functioning with the drug present in the system (and cannot function correctly without it without it) • ___________________________ – occurs when using a drug becomes more important than other activities in a person's life Definitions – Potentiation • Synergistic or _________________ effect – The potential for the effects of one drug to be enhanced by the ingestion of another drug – 1+1 equaling 1+1 equaling ______________ – Makes combining drugs dangerous and sometimes fatal – Accidental overdose (OD) is common
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Hagedorn MHS 6450 3 Depressants • Also called _____________________________ • Types – Alcohol – Barbiturates – Phenobarbital, Seconal, Nebutal – Non-Barbiturate – Quaalude, Doriden, Miltown – Benzodiazepines – Valium, Xanax, Librium, Ativan, Halcion, Dalmane – Rohypnol (____________________) – GHB (gamma-hydroxybutyrate) – Antihistamines – Vistaril – OTC sleep aids Depressants • Routes of Administration – Most are available in pill form and taken orally – Some are available in injectable liquid Ativan • Ativan • Phenobarbital – _____________________ is consumed orally Depressants • Medical Uses – Barbiturates • Epileptic Seizures – prevent _______________________ – Benzodiazepines • Alleviating anxiety • Reduce symptoms of alcohol withdrawals • Aide in sleeping – Rohypnol • Treatment for sleep disorders • Surgical anesthetic
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Hagedorn MHS 6450 4 Depressants • Chemical Effects in Brain – Alcohol • Depresses the action of the _______________ – Barbiturates • Affects the areas in the brain responsible for awareness and respiration – Benzodiazepines • Impacts areas of the brain that control the emotions of fear and panic Depressants • Major Effects – Relaxation, calmness, decreased anxiety – Decreased pulse, blood pressure, and reflexes – _____________________________ and motor coordination – Slurred speech, staggering, sleep – Phenobarbital and benzos have anticonvulsant properties and may be used to withdrawal from ETOH Depressants • Overdose – ETOH overdose = ____________________ – OD is potentially fatal Barbiturates are fatal at 10 15 times the
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Drug Classifications - Hagedorn Drug Classifications...

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