PreventionandIntervention

PreventionandIntervention - Alcohol and Other Drugs...

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Alcohol and Other Drugs Prevention and Intervention
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Prevention Most efforts directed at young people Rates of alcohol and tobacco use are very high in this group National “Drug-free” policies don’t include alcohol and tobacco, widely considered gateway drugs Related to politics not best practice
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Prevention Harm Reduction: when it is assumed that SA cannot be eliminated Types: Needle exchange Sobriety check points Designated drivers Tobacco Stings
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Prevention Supply Vs. Demand 1.7 Billion for war on drugs in 87’ 1.2 was for supply reduction 1990 committee revealed little evidence that supply reduction worked 1997 67% for supply reduction, 33% divided between prevention,Tx, research
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Prevention Legalization Extremely controversial Which drugs, how much, for who, where? Legalization vs. decriminalization Some drugs are legal (ETOH, Nicotine, RX drugs) Making drugs legal and unrestricted as opposed to removing penalties for certain drug related offenses
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Prevention Public Health Model (PHM) Focus on epidemiology SA is conceptualized as an interaction between host (the substance abuser), the agent ( the substance used), and the environment Prevention activities are conceptualized as primary, secondary and tertiary
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Prevention Primary Prevention Attempts to dissuade individuals from initiating use Secondary Prevention Early intervention, designed to halt progression in individuals identified as users Tertiary Prevention Treatment aimed at substance abusers and substance dependent
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Prevention Prevention Efforts Universal Directed at entire population (national media campaign) Selected targeted at risk groups (ACOAs) Indicated Similar to secondary prevention
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Prevention Prevention Strategies Information dissemination Education Alternatives Problem identification and referral Community based processes Environmental approaches
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This note was uploaded on 09/12/2011 for the course MHS 6450 taught by Professor Jones,k during the Summer '08 term at University of Central Florida.

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PreventionandIntervention - Alcohol and Other Drugs...

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