Strategies and Methods of Supervision

Strategies and Methods of Supervision - April 1994 ERIC...

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April 1994 EDO-CG-94-09 Strategies and Methods of Effective Supervision Gordon M. Hart A variety of strategies and methods are available to supervisors for use with counselors whom they super- vise. This summary is designed to acquaint supervisors with techniques for enhancing the counseling behavior of their supervisees while also considering individual learning characteristics as depicted by the supervisee’s developmental level. To improve a supervisee’s skills in working with cli- ents, some form of assessment must be done while coun- seling is taking place (rather than with clients who have terminated). Using strategies that examine a supervisee’s counseling behavior with current clients allows a super- visor to correct any error in assessment, diagnosis, or treat- ment of the client, and thus increases the probability of a successful outcome. Methods of Improving Clinical (Counseling) Competence Whether the supervisor’s purpose is to improve a supervisee’s skills or to ensure accuracy, actual counse- lor-client interaction must be examined (Hart, 1982). Although the traditional method of counselor self-report is often used, this form of data-gathering is notoriously inaccurate. The more reliable forms of data-gathering are review of a client’s case history; review of results of cur- rent psychodiagnostic testing, including a structured in- terview (such as a mental status exam); and, particularly, examination of the counselor-client sessions via methods such as audiotape, videotape, and observation through a Leddick, 1987). Of the methods for reviewing counselor-client ses- sions, the use of live supervision (observation via televi- sion or one-way mirror) provides an opportunity to give a supervisee immediate corrective feedback about a par- ticular counseling technique and to see how well the coun- selor can carry out a suggested strategy. Live supervi- sion is effective for learning new techniques, learning new modalities (e.g., family counseling), and gaining skills with types of clients with whom the counselor is unfa- A live supervision strategy can be supplemented by
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Strategies and Methods of Supervision - April 1994 ERIC...

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