Chapter 11 Notes

Chapter 11 Notes - Chapter 11 Notes Reactions of Alcohols...

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Chapter 11 Notes – Reactions of Alcohols, Amines, Ethers, and Epoxides 11.1 – Nomenclature of Alcohols - Compounds in which a hydrogen of an alkane has been replaced by an OH group - The common name of an alcohol consists of the name of the alkyl group to which the OH group is attached, followed by alcohol - IUPAC uses “ol” to denote the OH group - Find the longest continuous chain containing the OH functional group - The functional group suffix gets the lowest possible number 11.2 – Substitution Reactions of Alcohols - An alcohol cannot undergo a nucleophilic substitution reaction because it has a strongly basic leaving group - It can undergo Nucleophilic substitution if its OH group is protonated into a weaker base - Secondary and tertiary alcohols undergo S N 1 reactions with hydrogen halides - Primary alcohols undergo S N 2 reactions with hydrogen halides 11.3 – Elimination Reactions of Alcohols: Dehydration - Alcohols can undergo elimination reactions by losing an OH from one carbon and
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Chapter 11 Notes - Chapter 11 Notes Reactions of Alcohols...

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