Chapter 12 Notes - Chapter 12 Notes Carbonyl Compounds 1 Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution Carbonyl group a carbon double bonded to an oxygen Acyl

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Chapter 12 Notes – Carbonyl Compounds 1: Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution Carbonyl group: a carbon double bonded to an oxygen Acyl group: a carbonyl group attached to an alkyl or an aryl group Compounds with groups that can be replaced by a nucleophile: OH, Cl, OR, NH 2 , NHR, NR 2 ) 12.1 – Nomenclature Carboxylic Acids o A carboxylic acid is named by replacing the terminal “e” of the alkane name with “oic acid” o The carbonyl carbon is always the C-1 carbon Acyl Chlorides o Named by using the acid name and replacing “ic acid” with “”yl chloride” Esters o The name of the R group attached to the carboxyl oxygen is stated first, followed by the name of the acid with “ic acid” replaced by “ate” Amides o Amides are named by using the acid name, replacing “oic acid,” “ic acid,” or “ylic acid” with “amide” o If a substituent is bonded to the nitrogen, the name of the substituent is stated first, followed by the name of the amide o The name of each substituent is followed by a capital N to indicate it is bonded to a nitrogen 12.2 – Structures of Carboxylic Acids and Carboxylic Acid Derivatives Carbonyl Carbon o sp 2 hybridized o Three atoms are attached to the carbonyl carbon and are in the same plane
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This note was uploaded on 09/12/2011 for the course CHEM 1315 taught by Professor Unknown during the Spring '07 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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Chapter 12 Notes - Chapter 12 Notes Carbonyl Compounds 1 Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution Carbonyl group a carbon double bonded to an oxygen Acyl

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