Chapter 13 Notes - Chapter 13 Notes Carbonyl Compounds II...

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Chapter 13 Notes – Carbonyl Compounds II – Reactions of Aldehydes and Ketones Aldehyde: carbonyl bonded to hydrogen and an alkyl group Ketone: carbonyl bonded to two alkyl groups They do not have a group that can be replaced by another group, because hydride ions and carbanions are too basic to be displaced by nucleophiles 13.1 – Nomenclature The systematic name of aldehydes is obtained by replacing the “e” on the end of the parent hydrocarbon with “al” The systematic name of ketones is obtained by replacing the “e” on the end of the parent hydrocarbon with “one”. The chain is numbered so that the carbonyl carbon has the smallest number 13.2 – Relative Reactivities of Carbonyl Compounds An aldehyde is more reactive toward nucleophilic attack because the partial positive charge on the carbonyl carbon of an aldehyde is larger Aldehydes and ketones are less reactive than acyl chlorides, but are more reactive than esters and amides 13.3 – How Aldehydes and Ketones React They undergo nucleophilic addition reactions because the substituents are too
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This note was uploaded on 09/12/2011 for the course CHEM 1315 taught by Professor Unknown during the Spring '07 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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Chapter 13 Notes - Chapter 13 Notes Carbonyl Compounds II...

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