Final Study Guide

Final Study Guide - O rganic Chemistry Final Study Guide T...

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Organic Chemistry Final Study Guide Test 1 Material, Chapters 1-4 - Hybridization o Alkanes – sp 3 , one sigma bond, 109.5° o Alkenes – sp 2 , one sigma bond, one pi bond, 120° o Alkynes – sp, one sigma bond, two pi bonds, 180° - Acids and Bases o If pH < pK a , acid form predominates o If pH > pK a , base form predominates o The weaker the base, the more stable the base, the stronger the acid - Orientation o Cis has substituents on same side of the ring o The Z (zusammen) isomer has the high-priority groups on the same side o Trans has substituents on opposite side of the ring, more stable than cis o The E (entgegen) isomer has the high-priority groups on opposite sides - Chair conformations – equatorial is more stable because of less steric hindrance Test 2 Material, Chapters 5-8 - Resonance
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o More resonance means greater stability from the delocalized electrons - Alkenes undergo electrophilic addition reactions - Aromaticity and Reactions of Benzene o Aromatic compounds must have an uninterrupted cycle of pi
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Final Study Guide - O rganic Chemistry Final Study Guide T...

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