Knitting Notes

Knitting Notes - Knitting Warp Knitting o A method of...

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Knitting Warp Knitting o A method of knitting fabric in which the loops made from a number of ends of yarn (adjacent yarns) are formed along the length of the fabric, characterized by the fact that each end of yarn is fed more or less in line with the direction in which the fabric is produced. Involves swinging o Types of machines: Tricot (spring beard, guide bar, presser, sinker, simplest, lingerie), Raschel (latch needle, guide bars, sinker, tick plate, needle bar, tablecloths), and Raschel-crochet Weft Knitting (rib weave and interlocking) o A method of knitting fabric in which the loops made by an end of yarn (single yarn) are formed across the width of the fabric, characterized by the fact that the yarn is fed more or less at right angles to the direction in which the fabric is produced. o Types of machines: full-fashion, circular double knits, circular single knit, circular sweater (links-links and V-bed flats) o Course: each row of loops at right angles to the direction in which the fabric is produced o Wale: each row of loops intermeshed parallel to the direction in which the fabric is produced o Course count: the number of courses in unit length of fabric o Wale count: the number of wales in unit length of fabric Knit Stitches o Knit Stitch: distinct face and back o Purl stitch: same as the underside (or back) of the knit stitch (requires 2 needles) o Miss stitch: skips a couple loops; forms when the cylinder knitting needles fails to rise to receive new yarn and the yarn passes behind the loop; used in developing single knit designs in color o Tuck stitch: appears in a fabric as an inverted loop; one loop is pulled up to the row above; needles are pushed out only as far as the tucking position, as not into the knitting position; the old loop stays on the latch and is caught again when the needle is retracted, together with the new loop formed from the new thread; generally around four tucks on one needle is practical Needle Types o Spring beard: not latched, needs to be closer, cheaper, finer, more needles per inch, needs help in forming loop o Latch: latched, self-closing latch, expensive, coarse, less needles per inch, forms loop with aid of yarn o Compound: moveable latch, needs to be close, very expensive, coarser, needs help in forming loop o Needles can be controlled independently to form different stitches by placement of needle butts in the cam raceway 2x2 Rib (Weft knitting, i.e. cuffs of sweaters) o Machine requirements: a rib machine, only one cam race and one type of needle for the cylinder an dial, rib gating o Needle: needles not knitting must be removed from the machine o Needle selection: at every feed o Fabric properties: a one feed repeat, same appearance on both sides, good crosswise extensibility Eightlock o Machine requirements: an eightlock machine, long and short needles in both the cylinder and dial,
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Knitting Notes - Knitting Warp Knitting o A method of...

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