JRLC5040 Notes 3 - J RLC5040: Class notes 8/24 14th...

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JRLC5040: Class notes 8/24 14 th Amendment - Prohibit national religion - Before the 14 th amendment: state constitution could allow official state religion o 1 st amendment didn’t have to be applied o 1868: Federal Constitution only binding on federal matters - After 14 th amendment o Overturns Dred Scott Case that said blacks couldn’t be citizens of US o 14 th amendment changes to deal with citizenship o Born in US = Citizen o No longer treating slaves/former slaves as non-persons - Before: dual citizenship of state and federal - After amendment: everyone has same rights in the US - 1920s: 14 th amendment applied to other rights o Gitlow v. New York (pg. 36) o All citizens wherever they live is protected by the 1 st amendment and the state cannot deny this right o Federal constitution established a floor of uniform rights but not a ceiling so states may confer more protection but not less o Bill of Rights aimed at federal not state If we amended the 1 st amendment government replaces Congress (any government is regulated in
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JRLC5040 Notes 3 - J RLC5040: Class notes 8/24 14th...

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