Anthro 101 Ch 1-4

Anthro 101 Ch 1-4 - ChapterOne:Frameworks 22:13...

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Chapter One: Frameworks 22:13 Anthropology 101 8/24/11 Myth : a story, usually invoking the supernatural, to account for some aspect of  the world. Science : the method of inquiry that attempts to explain phenomena through  observation and development of testing hypotheses. Creation myths: Yanomamo :  the world is divided into four layers, the first being barren, the  bottom of the second being the sky, the third being the earth, the fourth being the  underworld. Believe that the warriors are made from the blood of the gods. Yoruba : a chicken scratching the ground created land, a god got drunk and  shaped man and caused some to be deformed. Evolution : the systematic change over time of organisms or social systems. Scientific Method : the process by which phenomena are explained through  observation and the development and testing hypotheses. Induction : developing a general explanation from specific observations. Deduction : the process of suggesting the specific data that would be found if the  hypothesis were true. Hypothesis : a testable explanation of a phenomenon. Theory : a hypothesis that has been well supported by evidence and  experimental testing. Anthropology : the holistic and integrative scientific study of the human species. Species : a group of organisms that can only reproduce among themselves. Holism : the view that one must study all aspects of something in order to  understand it. Culture : the set of shared attitudes, values, goals, and practices that  characterizes an institution, organization, or group. Cultures interact and can  change, it is not the same as nature, it is acquired and not something you’re born  with. Four Fields of Anthropology: Cultural Anthropology : the study of contemporary people and their cultures.  Encompasses all aspects of the human behavior.
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Linguistic Anthropology : the study of communication, mainly but not exclusive  to humans. Archaeology : the study of past human cultures through their material remains.  Physical Anthropology
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This note was uploaded on 09/13/2011 for the course ANTH 101 taught by Professor Simmons during the Spring '06 term at South Carolina.

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Anthro 101 Ch 1-4 - ChapterOne:Frameworks 22:13...

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