Civilization

Civilization - Civilization Natufians...

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Civilization Natufians Neolithic Revolution (8500-3500 BCE) Tribe, chiefdom, state, empire Mesopotamia and Sumer Uruk Ziggurat Cuneiform Sargon of Akkad Hammurabi Egypt Pharaoh Ma’at Hieroglyphs Review Historical documents, archaeology
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When looking at historical texts o Who wrote it (bias, background, reliability) o When it was written o Why they wrote it, purpose o Who the audience is Homo erectus –ca. 1.5 million BP Neanderthals –ca. 200k BP Paleolithic (Stone age)  Small populations, bands, family groups Hunting and gathering The development of agriculture Happened first in eastern Mediterranean 10,000 BCE, Iraq  Natufian culture ca. 10,000-8,000 BCE Famine/climate change brought about the switch from hunting to agriculture Accidentally came about Interested in fermented grain, beer Gobekli Tepe (ca.9000 BCE) (pot-bellied hill)
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Neolithic Revolution (ca. 8500-3500 BCE) Shift from hunting-gathering to agriculture Alternative Lifestyles Remained hunter-gatherers/ pastoral nomadism The consequences of agriculture o Scythe/sickle to cut grain o Pots to carry and store grain Population o 25 km^2 = 1 hunter-gatherer
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This note was uploaded on 09/09/2011 for the course HISTORY 2a taught by Professor Digeser during the Spring '10 term at UCSB.

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Civilization - Civilization Natufians...

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