Early China

Early China - EarlyChina Shang(17661045BCE) Zhou(1045770) o...

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Early China Shang (1766-1045 BCE) Zhou (1045-770) o Mandate of Heaven o “well field system” o Confucius, Lao Tzu (Laozi), Shang Yang Warring States (480-221) o Sunzi (Sun-tzu) India Indian Army and Elephants o Hellenistic Greeks want to get the elephants Give up land in exchange All the different successors of Alexander’s armies had elephants Arms trade
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Cultural Exchange Bactria (Afghanistan) o Origins from Alexander’s garrisons who he never came back for o Garrisons married and formed own kingdoms  Indo-Greek kingdoms Origination in Greece, but heavily influenced by local culture Portrait of Buddha with classical Greek robes Coins with the name of the king in Greek and local script o Menander Court was essential piece of literary exchange Milindapanha (Dialogues of King Menander)  2 nd  c. BCE o Gandhara style Distinctive artistic style Indian art using classical motifs and ways of presenting the  body Hercules assimilated with Indian gods Trojan horse story Mauryan Empire (322 – 185 BCE) Ashoka (r. 268 – 232)
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o Grandson of Chandragupta  o Best known for being a blood thirsty conqueror who destroys Kalinga o The Edicts of Ashoka (r. 268 – 232 BCE) Some on pillars, others on rocks Monuments around empire Sets up a “nice guy” image Either you are a just and peaceful guy
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This note was uploaded on 09/09/2011 for the course HISTORY 2a taught by Professor Digeser during the Spring '10 term at UCSB.

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Early China - EarlyChina Shang(17661045BCE) Zhou(1045770) o...

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