Early India - EarlyIndia Vedas(RigVeda Ramayana&Mahabharata...

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Early India Vedas (Rig Veda) Ramayana & Mahabharata Varna Jati Mahajanapada Guatama Buddha (ca. 600-400BCE) Magadha Mauryan Empire (ca. 323-185) Chandragupta Maurya (r. 322 – 298) Ashoka (r. 268-232) Bactrian Greeks, Parthians, Kushans Identity in the Hellenistic world Septuagint
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o Greek translation of the books of the Hebrew Bible Maccabees Jews were using Greek in their everyday language in Egypt The End of the Hellenistic World Kleopatra VII, 69-30 BCE o Great great great granddaughter of Ptolmey, Macedonian Early India Literary vs. Archaeological evidence Challenge of historians How do cities and kingdoms and empires develop the way they do? Indian Geography Defined by high mountains along northern and western regions 2 large river valleys  o Ganges (Ganga)  High plateau in the south Enormous desert on the eastern side of the Indus river valley Monsoon o Affects rainfall
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o Late summer to fall rains Vedic Age (ca. 1500- 1000 BCE) 500 years after Indus Valley Civilization Rig Veda o Songs poems, religious works that were written down many centuries  after they were first recited o Compare to Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey  o Aryans or Indo-Aryans  in the North Varna o Social hierarchy About who has the most ritual purity, not about wealth Priests (Brahmins) Warriors
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