The Hellenistic World

The Hellenistic World - TheHellenisticWorld...

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The Hellenistic World Classical Greece (500-323 BCE) Alexander of Macedon (356-323 BCE) Hellenistic Period (323-30 BCE) Seleukids, Ptolemies, Antigonids Mauryan Empire (322 – 185 BCE) Alexandria Maccabees Septuagint Bactria Milindapanha (Dialogues of King Menander) Gandhara style  Cultural exchange: the pre-Socratics Pythagoras of Samos, fl. 550-500 BCE
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Greek-Persian Wars (490-479 BCE) The Persians invaded Greece several times, then defeated at land and at sea o Battle on land known as the Battle at Marathon Expect the Persians to win, have a lot of experience and weaponry Herodotus (ca. 485-425) Istorie  o Research/ inquiries Decades after writes down history of war between Greeks and Persians First person in history to write down history in the way he did o As a narrative, or story, causes, and why o Lived in a time when writing brought fame and glory o Willing to accept gods appear and play a narrative in the world No problem including gods in part of his history o It’s through Herodotus that we have information about Greek-Persian  War Greek attitudes harden Small state of Greece able to defeat large Persian Empire People who couldn’t speak Greek were considered barbarians Greeks believed they were the best Ideology vs. reality o Many Greeks actually worked for Persians
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Peloponnesian League The Spartans and their allies The “Soviet Union” Delian League  Athens “The US” Athens and Sparta Despite being allies, they eventually became more and more distrustful Spartans eventually retreated back
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