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The Roman Principate

The Roman Principate - TheRomanPrincipate...

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The Roman Principate Late Republic (133 – 31 BCE) o Gaius Julius Caesar (100 – 44) o Marcus Tullius Cicero (106 – 43) o Legion o Parthians Octavian (63 BCE – 14 CE) = Augustus Princeps   Principate Res Gestae Julio-Claudians Flavians “Five Good Emperors” Legion Roman military organization, equipment, success Unit of about 5,000 men o Started out as citizen militia men with their own weapons and armor o Overtime became more and more professional after fighting so many  wars o Short stabbing swords and javelins
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Phalanx vs. Legion o Throwing javelins, able to get inside the pikes of the phalanx  The Nature of Roman Imperialism Defensive in nature o Afraid of perceived threats, so went on preemptive strikes o Roman reluctant to conquer and administer areas  Offensive argument o Roman society was geared to war o Ruling class made profits from gold and slavery won from war o Once Romans knew they were good at war, they expanded to gain  prestige and power Romans erased the ancient city of Corinth o Don’t mess with the Romans or try to rebel Philhellenism and Roman Identity Love of Greek culture
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