DANCE 45 FINAL STUDY GUIDE

DANCE 45 FINAL STUDY GUIDE - 1 Russian Revolution 1917 Anna...

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DANCE 45 FINAL STUDY GUIDE Russian Revolution 1917 Used to dance for Czar, but over threw him, Ballet Russe couldn’t go home, they either couldn’t leave or come back Ballet russe is pre-revolution time Time of change in Russia Communist come to power Leningard went back to the name St. Petersbur Ballet Russse became a separate company and could not go back to Russia (were not allowed in country or else they couldn’t leave until the Soviet Union fell) Effected the entire country Anna Pavlova Famous ballerina, had her own company, toured world in her own company in 1910 before she was a member of the Ballet Russe, famous for portraying birds, insects, and plants. She brought ballet to the common person because she toured everywhere, signature dance= 2 minute solo for Dying Swan Greatest female ballet dancer Died of pneumonia because she was over worked Greatest influence in America Broke male tradition The Dying Swan Choreographed by Fokine in 1905 for Anna Pavlova. Two minute solo (her dying) very expressive, on pointe the entire time. Torso=non classical. No pantomime, movement was expressive enough, composed by Camille Saint-Saens 2 minute scene Became the symbol of the new Russian Ballet-Romanticism in 1840’s in ballet First danced in Metropolitan NY Ends up dead on the ground Arms moved as if they were swan wings Most famous dance of romantic solos 1
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Ballet Russe Impresario/director 1909-1929 Brought ballet into the 20 th century, directed by Serge Diaghilev 1872-1929, permanent company formed in Paris 1911, Revolutionary dancers came out of this company Brought ballet into the 20 th C Contemporary modern dance Women’s movements Took stars (Nijinsky) from imperial Russian ballet to france during summer vacation (1909) Diaghilev Creative director of ballet Russe, brought ballet to Paris, responsible for collaboration of great Composers: Stravinski & Debussy, Artists: Bakst, Benois & Picasso, Matisse, Cocteau Designer: Coco Chanel Launched careers of 5 great choreographers (Fakine, Nijinsky, Massine, Nijinska, Balanchine) Came from musical and well schooled family Not a dancer/choreographer Interested in new art Died in Venice Leon Bakst Visual artist who did much of the scenery for Ballet Russe, set (stage) design of Schenhevazade, designed costumes and set of Afternoon of a Faune Pablo Picasso Hired by Diaghilev to do the scenery for Ballet Russe Helped make artists of the 20 th C Came together with other great artist to design sets Fokine First major choreographer/dancer of the Ballet Russe, one act ballets, narrative adult themes to ballets, were considered “hot blooded”, good parts for both men and women, 5 principles London Times 1914, new movement each dance, no mime, use entire body, no divertissement, unity amongst the arts; choreographed dying Student of Imperial school of ballet Did not like imperial russian’s ballet (under control of tsar)
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DANCE 45 FINAL STUDY GUIDE - 1 Russian Revolution 1917 Anna...

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