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DOC study guide

DOC study guide - Lana Nguyen DOC 1 Midterm 1 Study Guide...

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Lana Nguyen DOC 1 Midterm 1 Study Guide KEY TERMS/DATES: 1607 Jamestown Colony - first English colony in Virginia// It was a contradiction because they fled Europe for religious freedom but establish town based on strict religious practices 1776 U.S. Independence - America wins the Revolutionary War 1789 U.S. Constitution - established that all men were created equal 1821 Mexican independence - Mexico becomes an independent nation 1831 - 1838 Trail of Tears - forced eviction of Natives 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe - ends the U.S. & Mexican War; Mexico gives territory to the U.S. Unity Difference - is it possible to find unity in difference [“the melting pot” ] Dominant culture - the people that establish dominant ideology Cultural pluralism - smaller groups within a larger society maintain their unique cultural identities 1444 - the year the first group of slaves were brought to Portugal // slave trade begins Market Revolution - the economic system begins & the cotton gin was created, which sparked an increase in slavery [core of the market = cotton; core of cotton = slaves] Ideology - a system of beliefs/interpretations/ideas of a particular class or group Ideological formation - the general process of the production of meanings and ideas; the totality of ideologies in a particular culture at a specific historical moment Dominant ideology - those ideologies associated with a ruling group in a particular culture Exceptionalism - group persuading others that they are better, more civilized. Hegemony - the ideological formation that shapes our perception of ourselves, others, and the world; a lived system of meanings and values. The dominant ideology becomes common sense for about everyone (i.e. white supremacy) Counter-hegemony - the alternate, often subordinated ideologies that critique and question hegemony; “ideologies of resistance” Scientific racism - thought race would be defined in science but not true 1676 Bacon’s Rebellion - Bacon led slaves and white working class against government because he was angry @ Indian situation. It was a multiracial rebellion that scared white landowners of multiethnic uprising. Thus indentured servants (which were at the time whites & blacks) decreased and slavery (only blacks) increased. [class based] 1838 Nat Turner Revolt - Turner led slaves to overturn their oppressors; created fear among slave-owners [race based] 1861-1865 U.S. Civil War//Reconstruction - post Civil War time which reorganized the South but former
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