philosphy week 2 notes

philosphy week 2 notes - Philosphy Week 2 Notes...

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Philosphy Week 2 Notes Falsification. Representing confirmation and Falsification A key feature of scientific reasoning is to confirm or falsify a hypothesis based on the truth or falsity of a prediction We’re going to explore how to best characterize the reasoning involved in Falsification Confirmation The Apparent simplicity of showing a hypothesis to be false. The initial intuition: a hypothesis is false if a prediction derived from it is false: The question is whether the premises are true. Question: Where do plants get their body mass from? Nature assumption: from the soil Helmont falsified the hypothesis. If soil is the source of the mass of trees, then the weight of the soil should diminish as the tree grows The weight of soil does not dimininsh as the tree grows The soil is not the source of the mass of trees. It is infrequent that a scientist will give up a hypothesis as soon as a prediction fails. Why? An Accepted hypothesis often has lots of evidence in its favor-things it explains Even a flawed hypothesis is better than no hypothesis
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This note was uploaded on 09/13/2011 for the course PHIL 12 taught by Professor Matthewbrown during the Spring '08 term at UCSD.

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philosphy week 2 notes - Philosphy Week 2 Notes...

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