Philosphy week 1

Philosphy week 1 - Scientists Observe, Mendel observed the...

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Unformatted text preview: Scientists Observe, Mendel observed the pattern in inheritance. Edmond Halley observed a pattern in comets. Propose, Mendel proposed factors which accounted for traits Halley proposed an orbit for comets. Hypothesis, a conjecture(proposal,guesses) about the way some phenomenon in the world is or behaves. Malaria transmitted by mosquitoes Mental imagery uses the same brain processes as perception. Law, a hypothesis that seems to well supported and t rue (Newtons law was later disapproved by Einstein) Theory, a set of hypotheses. Newtons theory of motion. Freuds psychodynamic theory. Darwins evolution. Hypotheses and theories ranges from guesses, to very well-substantiated claims. Most hypotheses begin with guesses and proposals but what matters is whether evidence can be placed for them. Hypotheses and theories that were once well-substantiated may turn out to be false. The theory that sun the circled the earth once true until dispparoved. Hypothese and theories We value hypotheses and theories because they give us power and satisfy our curiosty Predictions: specific detectable phenomena which we can infer from the hypothesis and to which an hypothesis is committed .( false predictions count against the hypothesis) Explanations, enable us to understand why something happens and often how to alter it. Representations and phenomena. Althought it is the phenomenon in nature that interest us, we understand by changing it to representing it to ourselves. Representation is important when our hypotheses and theories go beyond what we can observe. Different types of Representation: Words and sentences Diagrams Physical models All representations emphasize some features of the phenomena and distort others. (Different sizes, etc) Statements: Atoms of Representation. Statement that has a true value (is either t rue or false)-Today is Monday-California is in Europe Compound statements. We wont divide statements but we can compose them using connectives such that the t ruth value of the compound is determined solely by the truth value of the components....
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This note was uploaded on 09/13/2011 for the course PHIL 12 taught by Professor Matthewbrown during the Spring '08 term at UCSD.

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Philosphy week 1 - Scientists Observe, Mendel observed the...

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