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MidtermPol3 - Ton 1 Christine Ton Political Science 3...

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Ton 1 Christine Ton 10/21/2010 Political Science 3 Section A03 Why a Nuclear Program? The world has a large reaction to the presence of a country obtaining a nuclear weapon. Nuclear diplomacy has been going on since 1985 and has still continued to this day. It is known that North Korea’s Nuclear Program is a representation of the widespread international interactive and opposition to such a threat. With international involvement, the three perspectives have analyzed this situation in high debt. The persuasion of policies to halt North Korea’s threatening challenge has been attempted by the United States for many years now. The need for North Korea to constantly bring threat wars is when the U.S. and South Korea joint military drills. This is what brings the realist, the liberal, and the identity perspectives into play. The perspectives on North Korea’s nuclear program are also known as “the security model”, “the domestic politics model”, and “the norms model” as stated by Scott D. Sagan. Each of these models is what the perspectives represented for this nuclear threat. The realist would believe this is based on security because North Korea’s nuclear weapons are to strengthen their national security against any form of foreign threats. Through the liberal’s eyes, this would be seen as a problem caused by domestic politics because of the separation of North and South Korea. There is a constant need to threaten South Korea because it is the domestic politics that makes North Korean feel a need to overpower South Korea. There was also a failing in the diplomacy which led to the breaking of the agreement between Clinton and Pyongyang for North Korea to stop the nuclear program. This caused the continuation of North Korea’s nuclear program. The identity perspective would declare this as an identity problem because North Korea wants to be identified as a more powerful and threatening country therefore holding these nuclear weapons to show
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Ton 2 threat. These policies have different explanations for North Korea’s actions, each with different interpretations, but all explanations of how countries internationally see what North Korea’s actions are for. The country with the largest response is the United States and the surrounding countries such as South Korea and Japan who see the nuclear program as a large threat. The realist perspective believes that the security of countries is an important aspect on North Korea’s nuclear threats. North Korea constantly threatens South Korea and the United States because they must respond to the United States’ high military power and security. There must be a balance of power since United States and South Korea are allies. “Pyongyang will further strengthen its nuclear deterrent and again mentioned ‘power physical measure’ in response to the U.S. Military provocations and sanctions” (Kim 2). Pyongyang established that he was going to continue his nuclear program because there must be a balance of power to abolish the security threat North Korea feels from the United States. The United States has
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