phi_lec_unknown

phi_lec_unknown - Lecture __ - 5/18/10 • • • • A...

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Unformatted text preview: Lecture __ - 5/18/10 • • • • A priori justification: reason for thinking a proposition is true that do not depend on sense experience An empirical justification: reason for thinking a proposition is true that does depend on sense experience Rationalism: some beliefs have a priori justification Empiricism: no beliefs have a priori justification Bonjour’s argument for rationalism • The argument from examples • • - Bonjour uses the argument to defend rationalism Th e a r g u m e n t fro m e x a m pl e s Th e di al e c ti al a r g u m e n t D e vit t d o e s t w o t hi n g s Criticiz e s Bonjo ur’s a r g u m e n t s for ju s tific a tio n • Et hic s Is a b or tio n wro n g ? Is it e v e r p e r mi s sibl e t o lie? • Met a-e t hic s Wh a t d o m o r al e x pr e s sio n s like “wro n g ” m e a n ? Are t h e r e a n y o bj e c tiv e m o r al fac t s ? Met a-e t hic al a n ti-r e alis m • Non-c o g nitis m : p o sitiv e m o r al s e n t e n c e s lik e “f a c t A is wro n g ” a r e n eit h e r tr u e n o r fals e . “Abortio n is wro n g” m e a n s “ b o o t o a b o r tion” or “ d o n’t h a v e a n a b o r tion”. • Mor al r e alis m : m o r al s e n t e n c e s of t h e for m “ a c t A is wro n g ” a r e s h o r t for s e n t e n c e s of t h e f “A is wro n g r el a tiv e in fr a m e w o rk B”. Th er e is n o si n gl e a b s olu t ely c orr e c t fr a m e w o rk. MR-is s a y s o m e m o r al s e n t e n c e s a r e tr u e a n d s o m e a r e fals e. • Error t h e ory: m o s t s e n t e n c e s of for m “A is m o r ally wro n g ” m e a n t h a t A h a s t h e p r o p e r t y of w ro n g n e s s b u t n o t hi n g h a s it. All p o sitiv e m o r al s e n t e n c e s a r e wro n g. Met a-e t hic al r e alis m : • Met a-e t hic al r e alis m : m o r al pr o p e r ti e s a r e r e al. So m e a c tio n s h a v e t h e m , b u t t h e y a r e r e d u c n a t ur al pr o p e r ti e s. Wron g n e s s is t o c a u s e m o r e p ai n t h a n pl e a s ur e . • Non-n a t ur alist r e alis m : … n o t r e d u ci bl e t o n a t u r al pr o p e r ti e s QUIZ: DIVINE COMMAND THEORY; 2 READINGS ...
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This note was uploaded on 09/13/2011 for the course PHI 1 taught by Professor Glanzberg during the Spring '09 term at UC Davis.

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