soc_lec_2

soc_lec_2 - Lecture 2 – April 1, 2010 Classic Readings in...

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Unformatted text preview: Lecture 2 – April 1, 2010 Classic Readings in Sociology • C. Wright Mills - Th e Pro mi s e of Sociolo gy - Th e Sociologic al Im a gin a tio n • Pe t e r L. Ber g e r - Invit a tio n t o Sociolo gy (s oci al r e ality is w h a t w e c o n s t r u c t) - Soci al Con s t r u c tio n of Re ality C. Wrig h t Mills - Early 2 th century, rise of corporate America, massive immigration 0 - in t h a t c o n t e x t t h e r e w er e m a n y s o ci al pr o bl e m s . - Mills wrot e a b o u t h o w individ u al s s t riv e t o u n d e r s t a n d t h eir o w n pr o bl e m s in life a n d h o w it c o n n e c t e d t o t h eir pl a c e in s o ci e ty. - He’s tryin g t o s a y t h a t s o ciolo gy c a n h el p in divid u al s u n d e r s t a n d t h eir p r o bl e m s . - “By s h o wi n g r el a tio n s hi p s b e t w e e n s o ci al s tr u c t ur e s, …” - You n e e d a c e r t ai n t y p e of m i n d s e t – t h e s o ciolo gic al i m a gi n a tio n - Socio im a gi n tri e s t o gr a s p 3 r el a tio n s hi p s (slid e) Cla s sic al Qu e s tio n Wh a t is t h e s t r u c t ur e of a s o ci e t y a s a w h ol e ? - Durk h ei m u s e s a n al o g y of h o w a biolo gic al m ol e c ul e is or g a niz e d t o c o m p a r e t h e s t r u c t ur e s o ci e t y - He wo uld s a y its a b s olu t ely e s s e n ti al for a s t r u c t ur e t o e xis t t o allow in divid u al s t o p e rfor m r ol e s; t o c o h e r e - Th e s e cl a s s e s a r e alw a y s s t r u c t u r ally a t w a r wit h e a c h o t h e r Wh a t a r e t h e m e c h a ni s m s t hr o u g h w hic h s o ci e t y is c h a n gi n g ? - Tech n olo gy – c ellp h o n e s , fac e b o o k, e t c - Affec t e d t h e w a y p e o pl e c a n b ully o t h e r s – fro m s t e alin g lu n c h m o n e y t o d e vi a n c e o nlin e How d o e s o ur s o ci e t y r el a t e t o t h e d e v elo p m e n t of h u m a nity a s a w h ol e ? Wh a t v a ri e ti e s of m e n a n d wo m e n n o w pr e v ail in t his s o ci e t y a n d in t his p e rio d ? And w h a t v a ri e ti e s a r e c o mi n g t o pr e v ail? Trou bl e s a n d iss u e s - Trou bl e s b el o n g t o t h e priv a t e mili e u - Iss u e s b elo n g t o t h e s o ci al s t r u c t ur e - So t h e m ai n s o ciolo gic al pr o bl e m is el utcidrelations between troubles and issues he a tin g Socio-Historical Individuals - Le a d s t o a n ur g e t o kn o w t h e s o ci al a n d his t oric al m e a ni n g of t h e in divid u al in s o ci e t y Pe t e r L. Ber g e r - Writin g fro m t h e 6 0 s t o 7 0 s - Co u n t e r Cult ur e – p e o pl e w e r e c h all e n gi n g a u t h o rity Major c o n c e p t s - Qu e s tio nin g a u t h ority oft e n inv olv e s q u e s tio ni n g r e ality - D e b u n kin g – c ult ur e s h o c k a t h o m e ; b e c o m e a s t r a n g e r in y o ur o w n s o ci e t y t o q u e s tio n Fac a d e s a n d Re ality - We live in a world of fa c a d e s , a fro n t s t a g e a n d a b a c k s t a g e - Ne e d t o s e e t hr o u g h t h e fa c a d e s , “ s e e t hr o u g h t h e g a m e ” a n d “look b e hi n d t h e s c e n e s ” - BUT fa c a d e s a r e a p a r t of r e ality ...
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