soc_lec_8

soc_lec_8 - Lecture 7 & 8 April 22, 2010 Why are People...

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Why are People Unequal in Society? The Origin and Perpetuation of Social Inequality Focus on Karl Marx Inequality Inequality seems part and parcel of society But levels of inequality vary enormously Across time, groups, societies Sociological Perspective Social structures - Division of labor - Social conflict - Institution of private property - Culture – race/nation/ethnicity/religion Organizational Division of Labor Marx e m ph asized econo mic D of L But other sources of D of L The more complex social organization, the more likely leaders e m erg e Intentional Division of Labor Purposeful subordination of so m e people to other p eople Bureaucracy – Weber - Super-ordination a nd sub-ordination (created by bureaucracy) - Rule by office – bureau - Deliberate hierarchy Aim of organization efficiency – wheth er actually efficient is another story “Bureaucracy is a n institutional form of inequality” Social Conflict War and conqu est Resources Origins of slavery Victors a nd losers Econo mic and Cultural
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soc_lec_8 - Lecture 7 & 8 April 22, 2010 Why are People...

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