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Unformatted text preview: A1. Generalized other: I vs. Me; if there is no other, the sense of self is lost; it is the entire community towards which you act the self that you are A2. Marx (material basis of society): physical commodities = materialism. The basis of human society is production and consumption of commodities; this leads to the bourgeoisie, proletariat, etc (classes). The notion of production of material goods is the basis of society (the world is materialistic in nature). The superstructure is the rest of the aspect of society; outside the material basis of society (access to material goods; politics, religion, law) A3. Solidarity: different individuals grouping together as a whole. Mechanical solidarity: something that is undivided in a biological way. Within this group, you group together again to form a subset of people similar in religion, etc. called organic solidarity (functional reintegration through institutions). Mech: created by nature; organic: created by people A4. Greed has always existed, capitalism is relatively new. Capitalism is a professional way of getting what you want. Greed is an irrational, unethical thing to get what you want. Benjamin Franklin: time is money; Protestant ethic: God wants you to work and accumulate corresponds to capitalism A5. Body has different organs. In order for the body to work, organs are equally important and must work together society functions as a system like a body, all aspects must work together. A6. Hierarchies help solidify your position in society, and organizational efficiency. If one group gets control of surplus, they become the higher class. Bourgeoisie’s own means of production, if they have extra profit, they appropriate it and reinvest back into the system, becoming more and more rich and power, increasing inequality in society. A7. 1) development of modern bookkeeping (keeping track of money and investments from beginning to end to find the profit you made) 2) economic and domestic spheres (in the past, people built what they needed; nowadays, we live in an economic sphere buying what we need) 3) development of bureaucracy (structuring organizations for efficiency; need hierarchy; distribution of power (surpluses)) A8. Marx: productions relations (who owns capital vs. wage laborers); social classes lead to conflict (conflict theory) Durkheim: moral relations that come out of rules in society, functionalism; society is unified even through all differences Weber: things in a more culture sense intersubjectivity A9. Merton – Manifest functions: achieving certain commodities for a certain purpose because we need it. Latent functions: unintended consequences, the status symbol. Ex.: a single person buying a manor (manifest: need shelter) (latent: finding placement in society) A10. Mills’ “sociological imagination”: the capacity to discern the relationship between large scale social forces and the actions of individuals. Includes both the capacity to see relationships between individual forces and the actions of individuals....
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This note was uploaded on 09/13/2011 for the course SOC 001 taught by Professor Mermis-cava during the Spring '08 term at UC Davis.
- Spring '08