Midterm Review - Valerie Bodden K(10-0014 Prof Torres Dominican History Review Exercises October 4 2010 1 Compare the positive and negative

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Valerie Bodden K. (10-0014) Prof. Torres ; Dominican History Review Exercises October 4, 2010 1) Compare the positive and negative measures of the following governments: (Blue) Liberal Goverments 1880-1887 Government Positive Measures Negative Measures Ulises Espaillat -Kept press free from censorship - Favored free play of ideas - Suppressed payments (bribes) to all political leaders -Declared Luperon’s loans as national debt. Gregorio Luperon - Suspended payments of public debt - Created Juntas de Credito - Reorganized public finances -Import/export taxes were increased -Export tax on tabacco was reduced - Created subsidy of $40 to all newspapers - Freedom of press - Decreed Death Penalty for all those who took up arms against the government. - Limited presidential term to two years
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- Created new schools, improved postal system, created Escuela Normal - Bout new military equipment, uniforms, and repaired all of the military posts. - Paid salaries to public officials and soldiers. - Forced Haiti to comply with the treaty of 1874 Fernando Arturo de Meriño - In 1881 decreeded that any person found armed against the government would be killed - Forged various manifestos requesting him to become dictator Francisco Gregorio Billini - Was forced to resign by Luperon’s threats and the inability to act under his own will (Heureaux puppet) - Declared political amnesty to Cesareo Guillermo Ulises Heureaux -Azul party dominated the country - Extended presidencial term from two years to four years -Used his position to attract the Rojos leaders -Decided he would name next president
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- Governed men from all parties - Contracted Westerndorp loan of 1888 to build new warships and buy new arms and uniforms - Repayed Harmont loan of 1869 (Baez) - Contracted new loan in 1890 with Westerndorp to build railroad that linked Santiago and Puerto Plata. - Bribed key members of rebellions in order to avoid attacks. - Worked through an extensive network of spies and informants that had to be paid - Filled jails with opposing leaders - Wave of terrorism and violence against Luperon’s supporters. -Forced Luperon to withdraw presidency candidacy. -June 14 1891 Treaty of Reciprocy with the US caused anger in European Nations (Germany, Italy, France) - Allowed contraband in return for money (Juntas de Credito) - Allowed San Domingo Improvement Co. to take over Westerndorp’s interest
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-Contracted new loan in 1898 2) Express your opinion Which of the blue governments for you believe performed according to the liberal ideals? In my opinion Luperon’s government was the one who performed accordingly to the Liberal’s ideals, as well as Espaillat’s government. Since both allowed for freedom of ideals and Luperon motivated the education of the civilians. 3) Explain the following
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This note was uploaded on 08/09/2011 for the course HISTORY -- taught by Professor Torres during the Spring '11 term at Universidad Iberoamericana.

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Midterm Review - Valerie Bodden K(10-0014 Prof Torres Dominican History Review Exercises October 4 2010 1 Compare the positive and negative

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