Learning04 - Learning Action comes FIRST Desired actions...

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Learning LEARNING A relatively permanent change in behavior caused by experience- a lifelong process
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Learning HOW WE LEARN By association - Classical conditioning Pavlov By the consequences - Operant conditioning Skinner By observation - Social Learning Bandura
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Learning LEARNING BY ASSOCIATION CLASSICAL CONDITIONING Pavlov Experiment with dog and salivation UNCONDITIONED STIMULUS- (US) ( food ) - naturally elicits a response UNCONDITIONED RESPONSE - (UR) ( saliva for food ) CONDITIONED RESPONSE - (CR) ( saliva for bell ) CONDITIONED STIMULUS- (CS) Previously neutral ( bell ) Becomes associated with food
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Learning Variations GENERALIZATION - broadening stimuli to elicit same conditioned response ( bell, tone, gong > saliva ) DISCRIMINATION - narrowing the stimuli which elicits the conditioned response ( only a tone in the key of C > saliva ) Done by selectively presenting food
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Unformatted text preview: Learning Action comes FIRST Desired actions REINFORCED( rewarded ) Behaviors POSITIVELY reinforced tend to be REPEATED Behaviors NOT reinforced or PUNISHED tend to DISAPPEAR ( Extinction ) REAPPEARANCE of the extinguished behavior ( Spontaneous Recovery ) OPERANT CONDITIONING Learning by Consequences Skinner Learning Shaping behavior Rewarding SUCCESSIVE APPROXIMATIONS of desired behavior Breaking goal behavior into small pieces and rewarding small successes Chaining together small successes into goal behavior Learning Learning by observation Bandura We select models in our environment and pattern our behavior after theirs We see what happens to other people Both PROSOCIAL and ANTISOCIAL behavior can be learned from observation. Learning LEARNING...
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This note was uploaded on 09/13/2011 for the course BEHAVIORAL 201 taught by Professor Pgoldentyer during the Spring '11 term at Community College of Philadelphia.

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Learning04 - Learning Action comes FIRST Desired actions...

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