Learning04 - Learning ◆ Action comes FIRST ◆ Desired...

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Learning LEARNING A relatively permanent change in behavior caused by experience- a lifelong process
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Learning HOW WE LEARN By association - Classical conditioning Pavlov By the consequences - Operant conditioning Skinner By observation - Social Learning Bandura
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Learning LEARNING BY ASSOCIATION CLASSICAL CONDITIONING Pavlov Experiment with dog and salivation UNCONDITIONED STIMULUS- (US) ( food ) - naturally elicits a response UNCONDITIONED RESPONSE - (UR) ( saliva for food ) CONDITIONED RESPONSE - (CR) ( saliva for bell ) CONDITIONED STIMULUS- (CS) Previously neutral ( bell ) Becomes associated with food
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Learning Variations GENERALIZATION - broadening stimuli to elicit same conditioned response ( bell, tone, gong > saliva ) DISCRIMINATION - narrowing the stimuli which elicits the conditioned response ( only a tone in the key of C > saliva ) Done by selectively presenting food
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Unformatted text preview: Learning ◆ Action comes FIRST ◆ Desired actions REINFORCED( rewarded ) ◆ Behaviors POSITIVELY reinforced tend to be REPEATED ◆ Behaviors NOT reinforced or PUNISHED tend to DISAPPEAR ( Extinction ) ◆ REAPPEARANCE of the extinguished behavior ( Spontaneous Recovery ) OPERANT CONDITIONING Learning by Consequences Skinner Learning Shaping behavior ◆ Rewarding SUCCESSIVE APPROXIMATIONS of desired behavior ◆ Breaking goal behavior into small pieces and rewarding small successes ◆ Chaining together small successes into goal behavior Learning Learning by observation Bandura ◆ We select models in our environment and pattern our behavior after theirs ◆ We see what happens to other people ◆ Both PROSOCIAL and ANTISOCIAL behavior can be learned from observation. Learning LEARNING...
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Learning04 - Learning ◆ Action comes FIRST ◆ Desired...

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