Sociology Perspective - Putting Social Life Into...

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Putting Social Life Into Perspective Welcome to Sociology! Sociology is the systematic study of human society and social interaction. As a student of sociology, you will gain an understanding of the complex ways that human interaction creates and sustains our social environment. As a member of society, sociology can help you see the complex connections between your life situations and the larger, recurring patterns of the society in which you live. The ability to distinguish between personal troubles and public issues is what sociologist C. Wright Mills called the sociological imagination. Learning to use your sociological imagination is a primary goal of this course, and it will provide you with an important basis for critical thinking. The Sociological Perspective Sociology is a general social science that ranges from the study of face-to-face interaction to the systematic analysis of the world order. Despite the breadth of our discipline, most sociologists agree on certain basic assumptions that form the core of our discipline. These assumptions include the following ideas: Humans have needs that must be met for survival. While some human needs are present at birth, others are shaped by the environment. Because humans are incapable of fulfilling all of their needs alone, they form social groups. As social beings, humans exist in a context of mutual awareness and interdependence. Overtime, this context transforms the simple physical environment into a complex social environment that produces ordered,
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patterned ways of thinking (culture) and behaving (structure). The goal of sociology is to understand these patterns and, thereby, explain social order. Thus, sociologists are interested in understanding social order by examining the patterns found in culture and structure. A great deal of sociological research focuses on understanding patterns found in society. A society is a large social grouping that shares the same geographical territory and is subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations. The study of
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Sociology Perspective - Putting Social Life Into...

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