Geology Notes - M I NERALS Building blocks of rocks...

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MINERALS Building blocks of rocks Naturally occurring, inorganic solid, ordered internal molecular structure, definite chemical composition GEMSTONES: Are single-crystal minerals that are o Durable o Rare o Beautiful Clarity and Color ORE: A mineral containing metal o Economical to extract the metallic part (enriched enough) o Native Metals Very valuable, pure metal, no extraction Extremely rare ROCKS Rocks: Naturally occurring solid, typically an aggregate of minerals, may include non-mineral solid matter
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COAL IS A ROCKKKKKKK SON ATOMS Central region called the nucleus o Consists of protons (+) and neutrons (no charge), neutrons “binding force” holding protons and nucleus together Electrons (-) surround nucleus, in discrete energy levels called “shells” CHEMICAL BONDING Ionic Bonding: atoms gain/lose outermost (valence) electrons, form ions
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Geology Notes - M I NERALS Building blocks of rocks...

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