CN 1-18-11

CN 1-18-11 - 1/18/11 World History: The Columbian Exchange...

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Unformatted text preview: 1/18/11 World History: The Columbian Exchange Definition Comes from book of Alfred Crosby in a book entitled Columbian Exchange o He says if we look at what goes on in 1492 and after as an issue of people the Spanish invade the Americas we are going to miss a lot o Its not just people What is going on iss Americas get Afro Eurasia (old world) they both developed in different ways for millennia Now these two biospheres are forcibly thrown together with profound effects upon both o Its not just the Europeans invading America which is a big deal in America but not for everyone else But it is a big deal everywhere Despite the fact we call it Columbian exhcnage its not equal o Most obvious unequal part= People People Most obvious unequal part Afro-Eurasian people place themselves in America o So now most of people are not from native American desent Enormous demographic evolution Not an exchange o Not many places outside of America that have seen large native American communities It just hasnt happened o People from Europe and (majority) from Africa coming over It is not native Americas crossing the atlantic/ pacific in any large numbers Crops Actual exchange o Over millennia, Americans and Afro-Eurasian had domesticated different plants o There was very little in common between their diets Spanish realized this early on o What they initially want is to eat food that is like the food they had at home o In the first few years even before Cortez they plant crops that are like those/are those that they eat at home Not a matter of homeyness Some have cultural meaning EXAMPLE: Grapes o We think of grapes as a fruit you can consume (yummy!) o For most of human history what they see grapes as are potential wine Spanish are big wine drinkers You could draw a line in Europe E-W North of line= beer drinkers and South of line= wine drinkers o They will need wine because they are roman catholic The major part of mass involves the transubstantiation of wine into the blood of Christ No wine= no Catholicism o They find out you cant grow grapes here obviously God doesnt ant Christianity here So they hack the grapes So now we have to ship wine across the atlantic Wheat o It produces gluten and combined with yeast you have bread that RISES Important when the Spanish start to eat corn they see its not risen not okay man o It is now a crop widely grown in the Americas now Fruit trees o Apple trees existed but hadnt been domesticated Saw it as something to ferment...
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CN 1-18-11 - 1/18/11 World History: The Columbian Exchange...

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