CN 2-3-11

CN 2-3-11 - 2/3/11 World History: Atlantic Slavery...

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2/3/11 World History: Atlantic Slavery Definitions Slave Society, et, esx Societies with Slavery o Goes back to earlier societies Extends over vast number of societies Societies with slavery far exceeded those without o Distinction between Slave Socities and Societies with Slavery Society with slavery - any society with the recognized status of “slave” Extremely common in human history Has slavery as an establishment but not basis Slave society - society where slavery is the fundamental basis, of society and economy Most important social distinction is between the free and the unfree Where slaves are most important source of economic production Slavery is the basis on which all else rests o Theoretically legal slavery is abolished around the world Easy to view it as an archaic institution We see slave societies dependent on long distance trade Very plugged into global economy o In the 17 th century which is dominated by Dutch and British in the 18 th century o Both are major slave trading nations Slavery and Capitalism o Capitalism today is associated with free wage labour
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o Associated by rise in the area dominated by save societies o Atlantic slavery was not about the pre civil war south (plantations in the South) Far exceeded by Brazil, and the Caribbean These are the major areas where slave traders sold slaves Slave grown cotton was the product of the industrial revolution which doesn’t take place until the late 18 th century Big profit at the time was sugar (YUM) Slavery and Race o Associated with race in the Southern plantations o A lot of Native American slaves o Although slavery in the Atlantic case was associated with race this isn’t true throughout history Numerous societies like in the Ancient world could be slave societies without association of slavery and race o This is a phenomenon historically created not intrinsic to slavery New World Slavery Origins o Originates with the Portuguese Portuguese were first Europeans to go down coast to West Africa Not thinking in terms of slaves in trade with Africans o Probably thinking primarily in terms of gold o They end up buying slaves as they initiate trade with Africans As an institution it already existed in Africa and was not introduced by Portuguese Begins before Columbus Active culture of slavery, societies with slavery, in the Mediterranean o Mostly house-hold slavery
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Slaves as domestic servants/lackeys o Mediterranean folks had bought many slaves in the Black Sea region (Crimea) Ottoman Turks had shut that trade off because they wanted slaves in their own empire o There is a developed market for slaves in Spain, Portugal and Italy Not much of a market o What causes the slave trade with Africa to take off is the discovery of the Americas And the establishment of colonies in Americas Unquestionably the Americas contain many resources Fertile lands, mines, fishing grounds
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CN 2-3-11 - 2/3/11 World History: Atlantic Slavery...

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