CN 2-8-11

CN 2-8-11 - 2/8/11 World History: Age of Revolution Begins...

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2/8/11 World History: Age of Revolution Begins The American Revolution is a Global Event The Historical context o Emerged as a consequence of the 7 years war 1756-1763 War between two coalitions of European powers, Essentially Britain V France Ended in shocking French defeat Principally felt in the French colonial empire o Lost virtually everything they had in North America o Lost everything they had in India where they were a rival of English power there o Britain becomes dominant power Trade and finance leader Labor of British victory concealed fact that Britain in aftermath of victory had serious problems Basically empire had emerged at such a size with so many claims on British attention that it was too big for Britain which wasn’t even that big of a country or economy Created problems they could not solve o Most came to a head in America o Pontiacs Rebellion- rebellion of Native Americans against Britain Managed to suppress but was further strain on empire o Britain needed to tap onto resource of the empire itself In America this means the resources of the British colonies Basically since 7 years war to outbreak of American rebellion the British were trying everything they could to raise money from America Also to slow down or even stop the pace of American settlement
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Basically British didn’t want to fight another major war with Native Americans o They tend to be precipitated by white American settlement o Restrain White Americans in order to cool down relations with Native Americans o British Fear of France French up in Canada If we don’t’ have allies and protectors in Britain we will have to eat snails and Be catholic Now French gone so Britain lost most power o American revolution because Britain and America are moving closer together The British are more and more concerned with America Problem is Americans don’t like this Furthermore, result of 7 years war in which the British benefited more than advocacies but more than their allies British grabbed everything that wasn’t nailed down in French empire. Trouble is when Britain needs allies next time it’s not going to happen o No one wants to go through 7 years war again and not benefit A World War o 7 years war as Global war, fighting in Europe, Americas, Oceans and Indies o American revolution was also a global war About the formation of a global coalition against the English Empire o The great problem for British is that they don’t’ have any allies o Involves fighting in: Siege of Gibraltar Taken by Britain now taken back by Spaniards Fighting in India as well
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Consequences o Americans and allies win o Americans: it means independence and a chance to establish a new state which eventually becomes United States of America and becomes powerful state of the world so far. Right now you have an independent state that no one really knows what will
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CN 2-8-11 - 2/8/11 World History: Age of Revolution Begins...

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