CN 2-17-11

CN 2-17-11 - 2/17/11 World History: Industrial Revolution...

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2/17/11 World History: Industrial Revolution Definitions Power o For most of human history power has been muscle Human and animal o Wind as well, filled sails to blow ships around o Turned windmills o Water o Turned watermills o Carried boats down stream o But these were naturally occurring sources of power o Humans did not create but took advantage of these o IR built on artificially created power o Specifically the power of steam o Based on artificially created power o Rushed in era where artificially created power became the basis of our society o Gasoline, electricity, eventually nuclear power o All artificially generated sources of power o All things essential to our society o That is revolutionary Economic growth o In a traditional society, economic growth looks very slow o There are considerable valleys o Post-industrial revolution society has more rapid growth
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o They called this the “take-off into self sustaining growth” o This was from development economists they wanted to see what formula the people used to make their growth so WEEEE like an airplane o British industrial revolution did not cause the economy to grow faster o Hard to talk about pre-modern growth because of lack of statistics o Rare for an industrial economy not to grow Technological innovation o Usherd in an era of continuous tech innovation o To the point where we all expect to die in a world that is technologically very different from where we were born Distribution of the labor force o As you will recall, before the industrial revolution most people worked in primary food production o They were farmers o Or herds folk o Or fisherman o Nowadays there are fewer farmers than there are WoW players o Now started to work in factories o Fundamental transformation that spreads with the industrial revolution The Global Context Took place in England but it was vastly influenced in fact made possible by England’s relationship to the rest of the world One most obvious is capital To have an industrial revolution you need capital You need money that goes into building factories, in building machines, in buying coal from steam engines Where did it come from?
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Eric Williams wrote a book called “Capitalism and Slavery” Profits made from slavery were sent to England and provided capital for the industrial revolution One of the key preconditions was that England was a rich society A society with capital ready for investment This has something to do with the british empire Some was self generated but most was generated by the empire Markets Early IR principle industry is cotton textiles It is quintisentially a warm weather fabric
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This note was uploaded on 09/13/2011 for the course PSC 1001 taught by Professor Dickson during the Spring '11 term at GWU.

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CN 2-17-11 - 2/17/11 World History: Industrial Revolution...

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