CN 2-24-11

CN 2-24-11 - World History The Railroad Age Origins and...

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Unformatted text preview: 2/24/11 World History: The Railroad Age Origins and Growth • Industrial origins o Becomes a symbol of modernity o Someone used steam engine to turn wheels of RR car o First commercial railroad does not run to London o London is where the people are, where government is, not hwere RR rusn o Between Manchester and Liverpool (IR port) o Product of industrial world o Runs on coal o 1825 o First person to die in a RR thing was one PM William Huskion o RR infrastructure also expands o I t is stations, switches, tracks, tunnels through rock, steel bridges o Going from a world where you can build bridge out of stone, now you have to build bridges to hold entire RR trains o 19 th century is great age of bridge building o Tunneling through rock o Has to happen now to lay track through mountain o Started wit gun powder which was too dangerous then Nobel invented dynamite o He grew very rich and establish the Nobel prize • Growth o Grows quickly and massively • Labour and Capital o Creation of a steel labour force o People riding trains have relationship with those operating trains dependence o Trains are dangerous o Fire traps as well as kinda big and dangerous in other ways o Even the most tight fisted of entrepreneurs are open to paying people a generous wage o RR laborers, the ones operating te trains become part of labor aristocracy o Well paid members of labor o I t was high-status work o Also dangerous work as the saying goes “you aren’t a real RR man if you have all your fingers” o British RR engineers are found in numerous places around the world o Has an interesting cultural effect o Soccer is most popular sport o Popularity of football is not product of british empire o Many people thinkin gbaout building RR by importaing labor where it was cheap o British also export capital o French and American RR funded by Britain Overcoming Distance • Speed o Impressive technology o RR come into world where fastest people go on land is on the back of a quick horse o Horses don’t go very fast for every long o RR take people zooming through count ry side up to 26 mph hour after hour o These are modern t imes, we go fast. o Speed becomes associated with modernity • Travel o Obviously it has always existed but what 19 th century ushers in is age of mass tourism o Before 19 th century when people go long distances for one of two reasons o 1. Economic o Looking to work, trade or buy something o 2. Religious o Going on pilgrimage o Tourism: I’m going there to see what it’s like o This is an aristocratic past time o 18 th century was the time of the “Gran Tour” o Young men to gain polish go off to visit finest museums and brothels these places have to offer o With railway and steam ship you get middle class tourists for the first time o All of a sudden masses of people going into Italy o Also opens up areas which were previously ever gone to o EX: Scottish highlands o Remote, high full of bandits o You either only found highlanders or soldiers going to put down...
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This note was uploaded on 09/13/2011 for the course PSC 1001 taught by Professor Dickson during the Spring '11 term at GWU.

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CN 2-24-11 - World History The Railroad Age Origins and...

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