CN 3-3-11

CN 3-3-11 - 3/3/11 World History: The Islamic World in the...

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3/3/11 World History: The Islamic World in the 19 th century Islamic Decline Islam Vs Islamic societies o Even Islamic states that survived lost considerable amounts of territory and power o We have to make big caveat. We mean decline of Islamic states not of Islam If all you care about is what religion people are, Islam is actually doing very well in the 19 th century as a religion Viewed as mode of cultural resistance to western imperialism o Increasing weakness of Islamic societies in the face of particularly the west. o Did Islamic societies decline in an absolute sense or was it in comparison to take off of W powers after IR? They may have been staying in the same place while others accelerated o Absolute Vs relative decline. Some evidence for absolute decline, much of which is economic Economic Decline o In 1492 the Islamic world was important in intra regional trade had become almost a moot point Most W expansion was in response to cut out the Muslim middle-man Keep trade out of predominately Muslim traders of Indian Ocean Took a while but was in large part accomplished
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By 1800 far fewer trade routes passed through ME than in 1492 o EX: Coffee Coffee was originally developed in Ethiopia It was a ME product when Euro found out about it Dutch start shipping market in Yemen to Europe around mid 17 th century By 18 th century it is a popular drink Less and less of the money from coffee is going to coffee producers in ME Europeans start to produce their own coffee in America where land is cheap and slave labor which is also cheap Europeans are able to undercut Ethiopian and ME coffee producers with American production They can actually ship slave-grown coffee to ME and destroy the local industry This kind of thing happens with number of products o ME was becoming an economic backwater o Was reflected in a military and political decline of Islamic societies Military and Political decline o 18 th century they are losing territory to other powers (W and E powers) China- expanding into Xingjian Britain- India Russia- Central Asia Dutch expanding presence in Indonesia
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Russians coming down and putting pressure on Persian frontier o 1830 French will occupy Algeria and use it as a spring board to take over all of Islamic N and W Africa o Internally, Muslim domination over religious minority were fading Christians of Otto empire were some of the first to be touched by FRev Lead to independence of States like Bulgaria o India Where Islamic power declining with decline of Mughul sultanate Hindu elite prove more adapt at taking power than the Muslim elite Power passing to elite of Hindu majority Many smaller Islamic dynasties in India and S Arabia are kept in place with European power Euro creating territorial governments of Euro model going against Islamic model o Pilgrimage to Mecca increasing with communication Responses to Decline
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This note was uploaded on 09/13/2011 for the course PSC 1001 taught by Professor Dickson during the Spring '11 term at GWU.

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CN 3-3-11 - 3/3/11 World History: The Islamic World in the...

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